Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 61 (3), pp. 205–224, 2015

Title: A new species of Allogalumna (Acari, Oribatida, Galumnidae) from Iran, including a key to all species of the genus

Author: Akrami, Mohammad Ali

Author's address: Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran; E-mail:

Abstract: A new oribatid mite species of the family Galumnidae, Allogalumna (Allogalumna) iranica sp. n., is described from Iranian soil. It is characterized by the rounded rostrum; long, slightly thick and barbulate interlamellar setae; medium long, thin and smooth rostral and lamellar setae; long sensilli, with densely barbed, slightly dilated lanceolate head; dorsosejugal furrow medially undeveloped; presence of median pore in females and males; large, nearly oval porose areas Aa; and large, elongated, medially narrowed postanal porose area and tridactylous legs. An identification key for the known species of Allogalumna is presented.

Key words: Acari, Galumnidae, Allogalumna, new species, Iran, key.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 61 (3), pp. 225–236, 2015

Title: New ectoparasitic Abrolophine mites (Acari, Erythraeidae, Marantelophus) on thrips and aphids (Insecta) from Iran

Authors: Masoud Hakimitabar1, Hamed Ghobari2 and Alireza Saboori3

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Shahrood, Shahrood, Iran; E-mail:
2Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran; E-mail:
3Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran; E-mail:

Abstract: Larvae of Marantelophus sanandajensis Hakimitabar et Saboori sp. n. collected from Kurdistan and Alborz provinces are described and illustrated as ectoparasite of aphids and thrips. A key to the species of Marantelophus of the world is presented.

Key words: Trombidiformes, larva, Thysanoptera, Aphididae, Iran.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 61 (3), pp. 237–245, 2015

Title: First record of Neocypholaelaps apicola from beehives in Hungary (Acari: Mesostigmata: Ameroseiidae): re-description and DNA barcoding

Authors: Jenő Kontschán, István Tóbiás, Gábor Bozsik and Gábor Szőcs

Authors' address: Plant Protection Institute, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences H-1525 Budapest, P.O. Box 102, Hungary; E-mail:

Abstract: Following the first incident in Belgium, the second European record of the honeybee hive inhabiting mite, Neocypholaelaps apicola Delfinado-Baker et Baker, 1983, is presented from Budapest, Hungary. In contrast to the original host in Pakistan (Apis cerana indica Fabricius, 1793) and the host in Belgium (Apis mellifera carnica Pollmann, 1879), the Hungarian specimens were associated to Apis mellifera mellifera Linnaeus, 1758. New knowledge about the morphology and the first Genbank sequences (cytochrome oxidase subunit I) are given with new drawings and scanning electron micrographs. Distinguishing characters between the two European Neocypholaelaps species are also presented.

Key words: Acari, Neocypholaelaps apicola, morphology, DNA barcoding, beehive, Hungary.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 61 (3), pp. 247–254, 2015

Title: A new Acaralox species (Acari: Prostigmata: Eriophyoidea) on Verbena officinalis L. from Hungary

Author: Géza Ripka

Author's address: National Food Chain Safety Office, Directorate of Plant Protection, Soil Conservation and Agri-environment, Department of Pest Management Development and Coordination, H-1118 Budapest, Budaörsi út 141-145, Hungary; E-mail:

Abstract: The female, male and nymph of Acaralox bognari sp. n., associated with Verbena officinalis (Verbenaceae), are described from Hungary. Taxonomically relevant morphological details are illustrated and the species is diagnosed from the similar representatives of the genus.

Key words: Eriophyidae, Acaralox, common vervain, Verbenaceae, Hungary.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 61 (3), pp. 255–277, 2015

Title: Descriptions of all female stages of the maple mealybug, Phenacoccus aceris (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae), with notes on its biology

Authors: M. Bora Kaydan1, A. Neşet Kilinçer2 and Takumasa Kondo3

Authors' addresses: 1Imamoglu Vocational School, Çukurova Üniversity, Adana, 01330, Turkey; E-mail:
2Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Department, 06110, Ankara, Turkey; E-mail:
3Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (CORPOICA), Centro de Investigación Palmira, Calle 23, Carrera 37, Continuo al Penal, Palmira, Valle Colombia; E-mail:

Abstract: The adult female and all wingless nymphal stages of the maple mealybug, Phenacoccus aceris (Signoret), are redescribed and illustrated. The second-instar nymphs of both males and females produce a felt-like cover, which is secreted by numerous dorsal tubular ducts. A key is also provided to separate wingless immature stages of Ph. aceris, based on morphological features. The life cycle and biology of the mealybug on three different plant hosts, i.e., Acer negundo L., A. pseudoplatanus L. (Aceraceae) and Fraxinus excelsior L. (Oleaceae) over two years is presented and compared. Ph. aceris displayed similar developmental rates on all three host plants. Ph. aceris has one generation per year in Ankara, Turkey, and overwinters as third-instar females and male prepupae and pupae in hidden places on the trunk and branches of its host plants. The longest nymphal stage on all host plant species was the third-instar female and the male prepupa and pupa stage. In both sexes there were differences in the periods of occurrence of each developmental stage amongst years that may relate to variation in field temperatures.

Key words: insect growth rate, immature stages, urban entomology.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 61 (3), pp. 279–288, 2015

Title: Are the helminth communities from unisexual and bisexual lizards different? Evidence from gastrointestinal parasites of Darevskia spp. in Turkey

Authors: Vicente Roca1,2, Fátima Jorge2,3, Çetin Ilgaz4, Yusuf Kumlutaș4 Salih Hakan Durmuș5 and Miguel A. Carretero2

Authors' addresses: 1Departament de Zoologia, Facultat de Ciències Biològiques, Universitat de València, Dr. Moliner, 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain; E-mail:
2CIBIO Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, InBIO, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, Rua Padre Armando Quintas, 7. 4485–661 Vairão, Vila do Conde, Portugal; E-mail:
3Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, R. Campo Alegre, s/n, 4169–007 Porto, Portugal; E-mail:
4Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Dokuz Eylül University, Buca, İzmir, Turkey; E-mails:,
5Department of Biology, Faculty of Education, Dokuz Eylül University, Buca, Izmir, Turkey E-mail:

Abstract: Specimens of three species of parthenogenetic lizards (Darevskia uzzelli, D. bendimahiensis, and D. sapphirina) from northeastern Turkey were examined for gastrointestinal parasites. Only one species, the nematode Spauligodon saxicolae (Pharyngodonidae), was found. The extremely low infection and diversity parameters, falling among the lowest within the Palaearctic saurians, support depauperate helminth communities for these parthenogenetic lacertid lizards. Our results suggest that parthenogenetic Darevskia follow a pattern of parasitism similar to other unisexual lizards (i.e. Aspidocelis). The low rates of infection and diversity may be explained by the decreasing opportunities for interchanging helminths rather than factors of susceptibility of unisexual hosts.

Key words: parasites, parthenogenetic lizards, Darevskia, Turkey.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 61 (3), pp. 289–304, 2015

Title: Effects of forest edge on pest control service provided by birds in fragmented temperate forests

Authors: Krisztina Bereczki1*, Katalin Hajdu2* and András Báldi1
*These authors contributed equally to this paper.

Authors' addresses: 1MTA Centre for Ecological Research, Lendület Ecosystem Services Research Group, H-2163 Vácrátót, Alkotmány u. 2–4, Hungary; E-mail:
2Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University, H-1077 Budapest, Rottenbiller u. 50, Hungary

Abstract: Controlling herbivorous insects by insectivorous birds is one of the most important regulating services in forest ecosystems. The fragmentation of forests and the associated increase of edge effect, however, influences forest bird communities and thereby may have an impact on biological control via the modification of prey-predator interactions. In the present study we aimed to examine how insectivorous bird abundance and their predation on artificial caterpillars were affected by forest edges and vegetation structure in fragmented temperate forests of southwest Hungary. We found an unexpected negative humped-shaped pattern for predation rate as well as for bird abundance, having peaks both at the edge and in the interior (50 m from the edge). We found a positive correlation between bird abundance and predation rate, therefore the important role of birds in insect pest control was supported. Interestingly, the abundance of insectivorous birds had negative relationships to forest structure variables, such as tree basal area and tree species richness. This unexpected pattern may be a result of the context-dependency of edge effects that cannot be fully explained by our study. It highlights the need for more studies to explore the general pattern of edge effect on insect pest control.

Key words: ecosystem service, edge effect, caterpillars, habitat fragmentation, predation, predator-prey interaction.

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