Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 56 (4), pp. 293–305, 2010

Title: Free-living nematodes from two dolomite hills in Hungary, with description of Sclerolaimus hungaricus sp. n.

Author: Kiss, M.

Author's address: Systematic Zoology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences at Department of Systematic Zoology and Ecology of the Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/C, Hungary; e-mail:

Abstract: During elaborating an interesting material from the rocky grasslands of Sas Hill and Út Hill (Hungary) 30 free-living nematode species were observed, including representatives of the rare genus Sclerolaimus Jairajpuri et Ahmad, 1992 (Dorylaimida, Leptonchidae). A new species, Sclerolaimus hungaricus sp. n., is described. With 11 original figures and 6 photos.

Key words: Nematoda, rocky grassland, Sclerolaimus, Hungary, new species, taxonomy

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 56 (4), pp. 307–315, 2010

Title: A new species of Testudinella (Rotifera: Testudinellidae) from Qi'ao Island, Pearl River estuary, China

Authors: Wei, N.1, De Smet, W. H.2 and Xu, R. L.1

Authors' addresses: 1School of Life Science, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275, China, e-mail:
2Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Campus Drie Eiken, Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Wilrijk, Antwerpen, Belgium; e-mail:

Abstract: A new species of rotifer, Testudinella zhujiangensis sp. n. (Rotifera, Monogononta, Testudinellidae), is described from the littoral of an artificial brackish water lake and a mangrove swamp on Qi'ao Island of the Zhujiang/Pearl River estuary, Guangdong Province, south of China. It is closely related to Testudinella obscura Althaus, 1957, but distinguished by its anterior truncated vase-shaped lorica, cross-sectional view, shallow inverted U-shaped foot opening, and small differences in the morphology of the trophi.

Key words: Rotifera, Testudinella, new species, brackish water, China

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 56 (4), pp. 317–334, 2010

Title: New and little known Uropodina species from Brazil (Acari: Mesostigmata)

Author: Kontschán, J.

Author's address: Systematic Zoology Research Group, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13. Hungary; e-mail:

Abstract: Nine Uropodina species were found in Brazilian soil samples of the Soil Zoology Collections of the Hungarian Natural History Museum. Four of them are already known species (Cillibula zicsii Zirngiebl-Nicol et Hirschmann, 1977; Deraiophorus loksaisimilis Hirschmann, 1973; Uropoda disetosa Hirschmann, 1972 and Uropoda schusteri Hirschmann, 1972). Deraiophorus loksaisimilis is new to the fauna of Brazil. The female of Uropoda schusteri is described firstly in the present paper. Five species, Brasiluropoda palmiformis sp. n., Clivosurella brasilica sp. n., Longicarinaturella baloghi sp. n., Laqueaturopoda brasiliana sp. n., and Nenteria trisetosa sp. n., are new to science and two new combinations (Clivosurella venezuelensis (Hutu, 1987) comb. n. and Clivosurella simonbolivari (Hutu, 1987) comb. n. are presented. Original drawings of known and new species and description of new species, key to the genera Clivosurella Hirschmann, 1979 and Longicarinaturella Hirschmann, 1979 are given. With 42 figures.

Key words: Acari, Uropodina, new records, new species, Brazil

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 56 (4), pp. 335–345, 2010

Title: Two new species of Macrorrhyncha Winnertz (Diptera: Keroplatidae) from Turkey, with redescription of Macrorrhyncha thracica Bechev, stat. n. and a key to the Western Palaearctic species of the genus

Author: Bechev, D.

Author's address: Department of Zoology, University of Plovdiv, Tzar Assen 24, BG-4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria, E-mail:

Abstract: Macrorrhyncha anatolica sp. n. and M. muglensis sp. n. from southwest Asiatic Turkey are described. Macrorrhyncha geranias thracica Bechev is raised to species level. Male terminalia of the new species, M. geranias (Loew) and M. thracica are illustrated. A key to the Western Palaearctic species is given.

Key words: Keroplatidae, Orfeliini, Macrorrhyncha, new species, Turkey, Eastern Mediterranean

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 56 (4), pp. 347–370, 2010

Title: A study on Hesperinus Walker with description of a new species (Diptera: Hesperinidae)

Author: Papp, L.

Author's address: Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum and Animal Ecology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1088 Budapest, Baross utca 13, Hungary; e-mail:

Abstract: An overview of the family Hesperinidae is given and differentiating morphology is summarised. The morphological differences in male genitalia of some European populations of Hesperinus imbecillus (Loew) are demonstrated and all the locality data (Europe) are revised. A second European species, Hesperinus graecus sp. n. (Greece) is described. The specimens from the North Caucasus (Krasnaya Polyana) represent a third species, described elsewhere. With 60 original figures + 2 photos.

Key words: Hesperinidae, Hesperinus, taxonomy, new species, Palaearctic region

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 56 (4), pp. 371–382, 2010

Title: A review of the Korean Sciomyzidae (Diptera) with taxonomic and distributional notes

Authors: Rozkosny, R.1, Knutson, L.2 and Merz, B.3

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlánská 2, CZ-61137 Brno, Czech Republic; e-mail:
2Salita degli Albito 29, 04024 Gaeta, (LT), Italy; e-mail:
3Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, C.P. 6434, CH-1211 Geneve 6, Switzerland; e-mail:

Abstract: The Sciomyzidae recently collected in South Korea and some other East Palaearctic countries preserved in several institutions were examined. All literature records concerning the known Korean Sciomyzidae were critically evaluated. Sepedon oriens Steyskal, 1980 is shown to be a synonym of S. noteoi Steyskal, 1980 and is compared with the valid Oriental S. neanias Hendel, 1913. The female of Tetanocera chosenica Steyskal, 1951 is described and distinguished from related species, its variation is discussed and reliable localities from China are given for the first time. Colobaea eos Rozkosny & Elberg, 1991, Sepedon noteoi Steyskal, 1980, and Tetanocera elata (Fabricius, 1781) are recorded from South Korea for the first time. Distribution maps of Colobaea eos and Tetanocera chosenica are presented.

Key words: Sciomyzidae, East Palaearctic, new synonym, distribution

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 56 (4), pp. 383–393, 2010

Title: On the limit of altitudinal range shifts – population genetics of relict butterfly populations

Author: Habel, J. C.1, 2, Ivinskis, P.3 and Schmitt, T.2

Authors' addresses: 1Natural History Museum Luxembourg, L-2160 Luxembourg, e-mail:
2Biogeography, Trier University, D-54296 Trier, Germany
3Natural History Museum, LH-Vilnius, Lithuania

Abstract: Responses to climate warming vary considerably. Cold-adapted species mostly escape rising temperatures by latitudinal and/or altitudinal range shifts, and often today occur in isolated remnants. In the present study we discuss the genetic consequences of climate warming for five butterfly taxa (Lycaena helle, Erebia epiphron, Erebia sudetica inalpina, Coenonympha darwiniana and C. macromma) which currently show relict-like distributions at least in parts of their distribution ranges. For all these species, genetic data (microsatellite and/or allozyme polymorphisms) already exist. In general, the situation for such high montane/alpine species in the Alps differs from that in the low-altitude mountains, as the considerably higher elevations of the Alps mean that there is still possibility for further altitudinal shifts, while no such possibilities exist in lower mountain ranges. However, there are considerable differences in the general genetic situation of the five taxa analysed. The genetic structure of the Alpine L. helle populations is quite similar to that of the populations in the northern Alps forelands and the lowlands of eastern Europe. However, the lower mountain systems of western Europe all represent considerably differentiated gene pools for this species, so that these might be endangered by climate change. At the contrary, the relict population of E. epiphron in the Jesenik Mts is genetically not differentiated from the northern Alps. Taxa such as Erebia sudetica inalpina, Coenonympha darwiniana and C. macromma, which are all confined to certain parts of the Alps, represent endemic gene-pools. Of these taxa, E. sudetica inalpina shows low population genetic diversity, while the other two species have high allozyme diversity. Therefore, climate change accompanied by altitudinal range shifts might not have an effect on the genetic composition of the former, but might cause losses of genetic diversity in the latter two taxa. In conclusion, the data of these five taxa show that climate change will have different effects on different species of relict-like distributions.

Key words: climate change, relict species, habitat fragmentation, genetic differentiation, private alleles, extinction scenario, butterflies

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 56(4), pp. 395–403, 2010

Title: Changing of wintering site or recovery provision – An analysis of ringing data of Hungarian Lapwings, Vanellus vanellus

Authors: Csörgõ, T.1 and Halmos, G.2

Authors' addresses: 1Eötvös Loránd University, Department of General Zoology, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány sétány 1/c, Hungary; e-mail:
2BirdLife Hungary, H-1121 Budapest, Költõ u. 21, Hungary; e-mail:

Abstract: Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) is one of the commonest species of Charadriiformes with a wide distribution area in the Palaearcticum. The European breeding populations have two main wintering areas. The populations from Northern and Western Europe winter mainly on the Atlantic coast, Iberian Peninsula and northwestern Africa. The wintering area of the eastern breeding populations is mainly along the Mediterranean Sea basin. Schenk's original postulate (1934), i.e. "the Hungarian breeding population winters in the western basin of the Mediterranean Sea" has been generally accepted. Recent recapture data has led us to reconsider this notion. Our study was carried out by analysing long distance recoveries of Lapwings ringed in Hungary over the last century. The data originated from the databank of the Birdlife Hungary Ringing Centre. Data were separated into four groups according to recapture sites – 1. Mediterranean Basin catchment area, 2. Atlantic Ocean catchment area – and according to the date of ringing – Period 1. 1909–32, Period 2. 1974–2005. According to our data the wintering site of this species has changed, recently more birds have been migrating to the Atlantic Ocean catchment area, rather than to the traditional west Mediterranean area. This observation can be explained as a true biological phenomenon and/or as a product of random sampling of data, as well. Either the composition of the Hungarian breeding population has changed or the representativeness of data provision of these two areas has changed asymmetrically.

Key words: lapwing, wintering site, ringing, data provision

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