Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (2), pp. 97–106, 2007

Title: The morphology of adults of Cryptonevra Lioy, 1864 species (Diptera, Chloropidae) occurring on the common reed (Phragmites australis)

Author: Grochowska, M.

Author's address: Department of Zoology, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Akademicka 19, 20–033 Lublin, Poland. E-mail:

Abstract: The male genitalia of Cryptonevra Lioy, 1864 living in the galls of Lipara Meigen, 1830, on the common reed are described and illustrated with 24 drawings. The male genitalia of C. consimilis and C. flavitarsis are identical, and there is overlap between diagnostic characters. Accordingly, it is suggested that C. consimilis be a junior synonym of C. flavitarsis. The male genitalia of C. nigritarsis differ considerably from those of C. flavitarsis, their diagnostic characters being also different. Accordingly, C. nigritarsis should be recognised as a separate species. A key is presented for determination of Cryptonevra flies living in Lipara galls on the common reed.

Key words: Cryptonevra, Chloropidae, Diptera, Phragmites australis, morphology

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (2), pp. 107–115, 2007

Title: Winklerites fodori sp. n. and systematic position of Duvalius (Duvalius) fodori Scheibel (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Trechinae)

Author: Guéorguiev, B. V.

Author's address: National Museum of Natural History, 1 Blvd. Tzar Osvoboditel, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria. E-mail:

Abstract: Winklerites fodori sp. n. (type locality: massif of Rudoka, Shar Planina Mts, Republic of Macedonia), is described. Ten species of the genus, so far known, are arranged in four groups, three of them are defined here for the first time. The systematic position of Duvalius (Duvalius) fodori Scheibel, 1937 is considered and the group "fodori" is proposed to encompass the species D. fodori, D. strupii and D. vignai. An explanation for the relationship between these three species and the only species of the subgenus Platyduvalius Jeannel, 1929 is suggested.

Key words: Coleoptera, Carabidae, Palaearctic Region, Balkan Peninsula, taxonomy

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (2), pp. 117–130, 2007

Title: Oriental species of Chaetopodella Duda (Diptera: Sphaeroceridae)

Authors: Hayashi, T.1 and Papp, L.2

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Medical Entomology, The National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Toyama 1-23-1, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162, Japan, E-mail:
2Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum and Animal Ecology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1088 Budapest, Baross utca 13, Hungary, E-mail:

Abstract: Four new species of the genus Chaetopodella Duda, 1920: Ch. latitarsis sp. n. (Thailand and Viet Nam), Ch. nigrinotum sp. n. (Pakistan, Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Thailand, Viet Nam and China (Hong Kong and Taiwan)), Ch. orientalis sp. n. (Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Thailand, Viet Nam, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia (Sulawesi)) and Ch. ornata sp. n. (Nepal) are described. The Palaearctic species, Ch. scutellaris (Haliday) is used for comparison. With 24 original figures.

Key words: Sphaeroceridae, Limosininae, Chaetopodella, new species, taxonomy, key, Oriental Region

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (2), pp. 131–148, 2007

Title: Review of the Nearctic gallwasp species of the genus Bassettia Ashmead, 1887, with description of new species (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Cynipini)

Authors: Melika, G.1 and Abrahamson, W. G.2

Authors' addresses: 1Systematic Parasitoid Laboratory, Plant Protection and Soil Conservation Service of County Vas, Ambrózy sétány 2, Tanakajd 9762, Hungary; E-mail:
2Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA 17837, USA; E-mail:

Abstract: We provide a redescription, diagnostic characters, and taxonomic comments for the nearctic genus Bassettia Ashmead as well as a key to all eight species including descriptions of three new species, B. archboldi, B. virginiana and B. weldi. Lecto- and paralectotypes of Bassettia gemmae Ashmead, Callirhytis ceropteroides Bassett, and Dryophanta corrugis Bassett are designated.

Key words: Cynipidae, gall wasps, Bassettia, taxonomy, morphology, distribution, biology

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (2), pp. 149–155, 2007

Title: Shell availability and use by the Hermit Crab Clibanarius virescens along the Eastern Cape Coast, South Africa

Authors: Nakin, M. D. V.1 and Somers, M. J.1,2

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Zoology, Walter Sisulu University, UNITRA 5117, South Africa, E-mail:
2Centre for Wildlife Management, Centre for Invasion Biology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002. South Africa, E-mail:

Abstract: Patterns of shell availability and use of the intertidal yellow-banded hermit crab Clibanarius virescens were studied by means of field sampling. Data were collected at three sites (Dwesa, Nqabara and Mendwana) along the Eastern Cape coast, South Africa. The most striking result was that at all three sites there was a difference between observed frequencies of shells used compared to that which was expected from their availability as live animals or empty shells on the rocks and the strandline. This suggests selection by the crabs. Crabs commonly used shells of Burnupena cincta and Burnupena pubescens and amongst other types, rarely used the shells of Cymatium dolarium and Stramonita capensis. Fewer types of shells were used than were available. A wider diversity of shell species were occupied at Dwesa (N = 11) and Nqabara (N = 10) than at Mendwana (N = 6). The diversity of shells used by the hermit crabs in this study falls within the globally predicted levels given body size of the study species and the latitude of the studied population.

Key words: Clibanarius virescens, gastropod, habitat selection, hermit crab, shell preference, shell utilization

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (2), pp. 157–167, 2007

Title: Pine forest earthworms from Canary Islands (Tenerife and Gran Canaria)

Author: Talavera, J. A.

Author's address: Faculty of Education, Module A, University of La Laguna, 38206 La Laguna Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

Abstract: Autochthonous pine forests in the Canary Islands are host to a limited number of earthworms, among which the lumbricids are the dominant group in presence and abundance. 13 species have been identified, of which Allolobophora chlorotica, Aporrectodea rosea bimastoides, Lumbricus rubellus, Microscolex dubius, M. phosphoreus and Ocnerodrilus occidentalis are new records for Gran Canaria, while Aporrectodea trapezoides is new for Pinus canariensis woodlands from Tenerife. The first original data on the distribution of each species in coniferous forests are also presented, establishing significant faunistic differences; the more southerly dry pine woodlands are typically inhabited by Aporrectodea rosea bimastoides and Microscolex dubius, while the more humid forests have a fauna richer in species like Allolobophora chlorotica, Lumbricus rubellus, and Octodrilus complanatus, which may be considered good indicators of natural potential forest areas. The high calcium and potassium levels, slightly acidic pH and up to 18.5% organic matter of the studied andosols and/or brown soils appear to influence the earthworm fauna composition and distribution in Pinus canariensis forest.

Key words: earthworms fauna, ecology, distribution, pine forest, Canaries

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (2), pp. 169–184, 2007

Title: The influence of dispersal on the metapopulation viability of Giant Panda (Aliuropoda melanoleuca) in the Minshan mountains

Authors: Yang, Z.1,2, Hu, J.2 and Liu, N.1

Authors' addresses: 1School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China, E-mail:
2Research Institute of Rare Animal and Plant, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637002, China

Abstract: Giant Panda Aliuropoda melanoleuca is a rare ancient animal native to China, and its population in the Minshan Mountains in China has been divided into six subpopulations that are almost disconnected from each other. The six sub-populations are named respectively BH sub-pop, ZZWG sub-pop, MS sub-pop, BCH sub-pop, QFS sub-pop and GGS sub-pop. It is crucial and urgent to find ways to conserve these isolated subpopulations. In this study VORTEX software is used to model the dynamics of the Giant Panda population over the next 100 years in the Minshan Mountain as a metapopulation (named Minshan meta-pop). Results are as follows: (1) If there were no dispersers, BH sub-pop, ZZWG sub-pop, QFS sub-pop and GGS sub-pop would become extinct within 100 years, and the population size of MS sub-pop and BCH sub-pop would increase within 100 years. (2) If there were immigrants the four little sub-populations (BH sub-pop, ZZWG sub-pop, QFS sub-pop and GGS sub-pop) would retain more than 90% of their current genetic diversity over the next 100 years, even if the dispersal rate was just 1%. (3) High dispersal rate was not of benefit to population growth and maintenance of genetic diversity in the metapopulation. (4) In the polygynous system of the Giant Panda, the male plays an important role in dispersal. Limiting the dispersal of females and increasing the successful dispersal of males could promote the development of the metapopulation. (5) Altering the age of dispersers had almost no impact upon the dynamics of metapopulations. (6) In order to ensure that this metapopulation will survive for 100 years, the minimum effective viable population size (Ne) should be 40 breeding individuals or 100 total individuals with a stable age distribution. Finally, we put forward some specific recommendations in light of the current situation faced by Giant Pandas in the Minshan Mountains, such as constructing "corridor belt" to link large and small populations and analyzing the sensitivity of Giant Panda population.

Key words: Giant Panda, metapopulation, Population Viability of Analysis, VORTEX, dispersal

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (2), pp. 185–192, 2007

Title: Karyology of three vespertilionid bats (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from Turkey

Authors: Karatas, A.1 and Sözen, M.2

Author's address: 1Nigde University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Department of Biology, Nigde TR-51200 Turkey, E-mail:
2Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Department of Biology, TR-67100 Zonguldak, Turkey

Abstract: The karyotypes of three vespertilionid bat species from Turkey were examined. The karyotypes of Eptesicus serotinus and Eptesicus bottae were found to be identical in diploid number (2n) and fundamental number of chromosomal arms (NF) with 2n = 50, NF = 52 and NFa = 48. The karyotypes were found as 2n = 42, NF = 54, and NFa = 50 for Nyctalus noctula. The karyological characteristics of E. bottae anatolicus and N. noctula were studied for the first time from Turkey.

Key words: Chiroptera, Eptesicus serotinus, Eptesicus bottae, Nyctalus noctula, karyotype, Turkey

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (2), pp. 193–201, 2007

Title: Genetic differentiation and linkage disequilibrium in a spatially fragmented population of Cheilosia vernalis (Diptera: Syrphidae) from the Balkan Peninsula

Authors: Milankov, V., Stamenkovic, J. and Vujic, A.

Authors' address: Department of Biology and Ecology, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 2, 21 000 Novi Sad, Serbia and Montenegro, E-mail:

Abstract: Multi-locus allozyme associations and genetic differentiation in a spatially fragmented population of Cheilosia vernalis were analyzed based on the allelic frequencies at nine polymorphic allozyme loci. Standardized variance of allelic frequencies indicated that the spatially separate subpopulations from three different biogeographical regions on the Balkan Peninsula were a part of a structured metapopulation, with a moderately to greatly differentiated gene pool. Pairwise genetic differentiation was correlated with genetic distance between pairs of subpopulations, and both increased with increasing geographic distance. The percent of polymorphic loci pairs with significant non-random associations among alleles ranged from 33% to 50% within subpopulations. The proportion of loci pairs with non-random allelic associations was higher on the level of the total pooled population (64% for total pooled). The subdivision among the geographically separated subpopulations was analyzed by applying Ohta"s method of partitioning the total variance of linkage disequilibrium. Variance components indicated that subdivided population structure coupled with limited migration, which reduced the chance of generating recombinant gametes, might be responsible for observed linkage disequilibrium.

Key words: allozymes, Cheilosia vernalis, genetic differentiation, linkage equilibrium, Syrphidae

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