Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (4), pp. 289-327, 1994

Title: Foundations for developing a National Strategy of Biodiversity Conservation

Authors: Prepared by the Committee on Ecology, Biology Section, Hungarian Academy of Sciences Sándor Bartha, István Csapody, Béla Dános, Gábor Fekete, László Gallé, László Holly, Ferenc Horváth, Gábor Jenser, Zoltán Kereszty, György Kovács, Ferenc Németh, László Papp, Tibor Simon, Dezsõ Surányi, Attila T. Szabó, Zoltán Szõcs, Zoltán Varga

Address for correspondance: Prof. G. Fekete, Institute of Ecology and Botany, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Vácrátót, Alkotmány u. 2-4, H-2163 Hungary


Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (4), pp. 329-336, 1994

Title: The spermatheca and female terminalia of some Xylomyidae (Diptera)

Authors: N. Liu & A. Nagatomi

Authors' address: Entomological Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, 890 Japan

Abstract: The spermatheca and female terminalia are presented in 5 species of Xylomya and 4 species of Solva known from Japan. Papavero and Artigas (1991) showed in detail the spermatheca of 3 genera and 4 species from America and stimulated us to prepare the present article.

Key words: Diptera, Xylomyidae, female terminalia, spermatheca


Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (4), pp. 337-342, 1994

Title: Two new Centistes species from Korea (Hymenoptera, Braconidae: Euphorinae)

Author: J. Papp

Author's address: Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1431 Budapest, pf. 137, Hungary

Abstract: Description of two new Centistes s. str. Haliday species from Korea: C. sinapis sp. n. and C. spinulosus sp. n., and an interpretation of the subgenera comprising the genus Centistes are given. A checklist of the Centistes s. str. species of the Palaearctic Region is presented. With 14 original figures.

Key words: Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Euphorinae, Centistes, taxonomy, Korea


Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (4), pp. 343-349, 1994

Title: New Eupithecia and Chloroclystis species from South America (Lepidoptera, Geometridae: Larentiinae)

Author: A. M. Vojnits

Author's address: Zoological Department, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross utca 13, Hungary

Abstract: Five Neotropical species of Eupithecia Curtis and two of Chloroclystis Hübner (sensu Prout, 1915) are described: Eupithecia oppidana sp. n., E. natalicia sp. n., E. percuriosa sp. n., E. subnixa sp. n., E. ina sp. n., Chloroclystis ignava sp. n., Ch. parthenia sp. n.

Key words: Eupithecia, Chloroclystis, Neotropical, taxonomy


Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (4), pp. 351-357, 1994

Title: Two new galumnid species (Acari: Oribatida) from Thailand

Author: S. Mahunka

Author's address: Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13, Hungary

Abstract: Emendation and description of oribatids from Thailand. Description of two galumnid species from the Kaeng Krachan and from the Erewan National Parks. One of them Bigalumnella csavasorum gen. et sp. n. is representing also a new genus. With 14 original figures.

Key words: Acari, Oribatida: Galumnidae, taxonomy, new taxa, Thailand


Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (4), pp. 359-367, 1994

Title: Roosting site fidelity of Great Tits (Parus major) during winter

Authors: Báldi, A. & T. Csörgõ

Authors' addresses: Ecological Research Group, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Baross u. 13, H-1088, Hungary
Department of General Zoology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Puskin u. 3, H-1088, Hungary

Abstract: We studied roosting site fidelity of the Great Tit in winter. The study was conducted in a Central-Hungarian Alder forest from 1986 to 1990. We found strong area fidelity in majority of the roosting Great Tits. Eighty percent of adult males used nestboxes within an area of D=130 m, and adult females within an area of D=150 m. Eighty percent of observations were within 180 m for immature males. For immature females the sample size was too low to establish conclusions. The wintering sites overlapped strongly with the breeding territories, eighty percent of roosting Great Tits were observed less than 120 m apart from their breeding holes. This study supports the hypothesis that familiarity with future breeding site may promote territory establishment, although it does not exclude the alternative explanation that residency may confer an advantage during winter alone.

Key words: Great Tit, Parus major, winter roosting, site fidelity, age, sex


Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (4), pp. 369-377, 1994

Title: Effect of habitat selection strategy on spatial correlograms in a heterogeneous environment: A simulation study

Authors: Z.-J. Hu and C. Moskát

Authors' addresses: Crop Pests Forecasting Station, Dong Hu, East Suburb, Changsha, Hunan Prov. 410127, P. R. China
Ecological Research Group, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13., Hungary

Abstract: Habitat occupancy patterns of a hypothetic habitat specialist or habitat generalist species were simulated in general homogeneous and heterogeneous environments, in contiguous quadrats along a transect. Spatial autocorrelation analysis (measured by Moran's I coefficient) proved to be helpful to reveal spatial aspects of habitat selection. The figure of spatial correlograms showed the periods of systematic changes in spatial characteristics of the habitat both at low and high density of the population. Blocking of raw data may help to detect spatial scales and is advisable if population density is low. Comparison of habitat and species correlograms offers a helpful technique in the study of species-habitat relationships.

Key words: autocorrelation, correlogram, habitat selection, simulation model, spatial pattern