Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (2), pp. 99-107, 1994

Title: Influence of age and dominance status of male and female great tits on laying date, clutch size and egg dimensions

Authors: A. Báldi & T. Csörgõ

Authors' addresses: Ecological Research Group, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13, Hungary
Department of General Zoology, Eötvös L. University, H-1088 Budapest, Puskin u. 3. Hungary

Abstract: We recorded breeding biology of the Great Tit (Parus major) in a Hungarian black alder forest in relation to the age and dominance status of males and females. Our results suggest that there is no significant interactions between age and dominance of both males and females. The age and dominance of males have no significant influence on clutch and egg sizes, but there may be an effect on laying date. The influence of age and dominance of females is much more pronounced, with dominance status being more important than age.

Key words: Great Tit, Parus major, breeding biology, social dominance, age, sex


Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungariae 40 (2), pp. 109-123, 1994

Title: Polyommatine lycaenids of the Oreal Biome in the Neotropics, Part I: The Thecline-like taxa (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)

Authors: Zs. Bálint and K. Johnson

Authors' addresses: Zoological Department, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross utca 13, Hungary
American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, 100245192, USA

Abstract: The genus Nabokovia Hemming (=Pseudothecla Nabokov) is revised and the new genus Polytheclus erected to contain two groups of thecline-like Polyommatinae from the high Andes of South America. Nabokovia contains trans-Andean type species N. faga (Dognin) and new species N. ada (Coquimbo, Chile). Polytheclus contains new type species P. cincinnatus and P. sylphis (Draudt) both poorly known from high montane Peru. Lacking detailed morphological study, the taxa have been historically considered congeneric in Nabokovia. Structures of the two genera, however, differ drastically and question a common phylogenetic origin. Evidence from morphological structures and geographic distributions suggest both Nabokovia and Polytheclus are of lowland Neotropical origin and have secondarily invaded the oreal biome. With 20 original photos and 16 original figures.

Key words: biogeography, Eumaeini, Polyommatinae, Andes, austral South America, Nabokovia


Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (2), pp. 125-131, 1994

Title: Distribution and host plants of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne) in Hungary

Authors: Dabaj, K. H., Jenser, G. and K. Farkas

Authors' address: Institute of Plant Protection, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H1525 Budapest Pf. 102

Abstract: Root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne species are widely distributed in all the surveyed cultivated areas, especially in the sandy soil regions in Hungary. Meloidogyne hapla was the most dominant species in all the tested fields on several cultivated plants and weeds. While M. incognita was the most dominant in greenhouses and plastic tunnels and caused severe damages to vegetable-crops, e.g. cucumber, tomato, capsicum and ornamental plants such as carnation. M. arenaria and M. thamesi were seldom found on some plants. M. javanica was not detected in any of the surveyed fields.

Key words: Nematoda, Meliodogyne, host plants, distribution, Hungary


Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (2), pp. 133-156, 1994

Title: Braconidae (Hymenoptera) from Korea, XV.

Author: J. Papp

Author's address: Zoological Department, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross utca 13, Hungary

Abstract: Thirty-six braconid species representing the subfamily Alysiinae are reported from northern Korea. Nine species are described as new to science: Aphaereta tricolor sp. n., Hylcalosia adsimilis sp. n., Idiasta pallida sp. n., Synaldis distenta sp. n., S. fuscoflava sp. n., S. hirsuta sp. n., S. nigriceps sp. n., S. sincera sp. n., and S. vestigata sp. n. Twenty-two alysiine species are new to the fauna of Korea. The braconid material serving for the present elaboration is deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest. With 44 original figures.

Key words: Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae, new species, Korea


Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (2), pp. 157-170, 1994

Title: On the taxonomy of the genus Ostheldera Nye, 1975 (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Cuculliinae)

Authors: L. Ronkay and Z. Varga

Authors' addresses: Zoological Department, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088, Budapest, Baross u. 13., Hungary
Zoological Institute, University Kossuth Lajos, H-4010 Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, Hungary

Abstract: The taxonomic relationships and the zoogeography of the genus are discussed, three new species, O. minna sp. n. (Turkmenistan, Afghanistan), O. persa sp. n. (Iran, Fars) and O. arne (Turkey, Hakkari) are described. With 38 original figures.

Key words: Noctuidae, Cuculliinae, Ostheldera, new species, zoogeography


Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (2), pp. 171-184, 1994

Title: Coniopterygidae from the Afrotropical Region (Neuroptera)

Author: Gy. Sziráki

Author's address: Zoological Department, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross utca 13, Hungary

Abstract: Forty-seven male specimens belonging to nine species of Coniopterygidae were found in Neuroptera materials collected in three tropical countries of Africa. Coniopteryx (Xeroconiopteryx) brevicornis sp. n., C. (X.) endroedyi sp. n., C. (X.) ghanana sp. n., C. (X.) kisi sp. n., C. (X.) laticaudata sp. n., C. (X.) tropica sp. n., C. (X.) vojnitsi sp. n. and Coniopteryx (Coniopteryx) longistylus sp. n. are described as new species. With 43 original figures.

Abstract: Coniopteryx, Semidalis, new species, distribution, Afrotropical Region


Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (2), pp. 185-187, 1994

Title: Dolerus thargitai sp. n. from Transylvania (Hymenoptera, Symphyta: Tenthredinidae)

Author: L. Zombori

Author's address: Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H1088 Budapest, Baross utca 13, Hungary

Abstract: A new Dolerus species is described from the Carpathian Basin and compared to its nearest ally: D. subarcticus Hellén, 1955.

Key words: Hymenoptera, Symphyta, Dolerus thargitai, Transylvania


Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40 (2), pp. 189-193, 1994

Title: FORUM After 40 years the question remains: why worship types?

Author: L. Papp

Author's address: Zoological Department, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest Baross utca 13., Hungary