Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 68 (4), pp. 293–304, 2022

Title: New species of Flagellozetes (Cosmogalumna) (Acari, Oribatida, Galumnidae) from Vietnam

Authors: Sergey G. Ermilov1 and Vladimir M. Salavatulin1,2

Authors' addresses: 1Institute of Environmental and Agricultural Biology (X-BIO), Tyumen State University, Lenina str. 25, Tyumen 625000, Russia; E-mail:
2Joint Russian-Vietnamese Tropical Research and Technological Centre, Southern Branch, Distr. 10, Str. 3/2, 3, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; E-mail:

Abstract: Two new species of the genus Flagellozetes (Oribatida, Galumnidae) – F. (Cosmogalumna) carinodentatus sp. n. and F. (C.) pseudoareticulatus sp. n. – are described from the bark of different trees in Vietnam. A comparative analysis of the F. (Cosmogalumna) group included species with neural ridges on the notogaster is presented.

Key words: galumnid mites, taxonomy, morphology, Cat Tien National Park, Oriental region.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 68 (4), pp. 305–312, 2022

Title: Review of the genus Pseudocoruncanius Meng, Qin et Wang, 2020 (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Issidae), with the description of a new species from Vietnam

Author: Vladimir M. Gnezdilov

Author's address: Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia; E-mails:,

Abstract: Pseudocoruncanius Meng, Qin et Wang, 2020 (in Zhang et al. 2020) is placed in the tribe Sarimini and reviewed with its relationships discussed. Pseudocoruncanius nigrifrons sp. n. is described from Tam Dao forest in northern Vietnam, which is the first record of the genus from mainland Asia. A key to species of the genus Pseudocoruncanius is given.

Key words: Issinae, key, morphology, new species, Sarimini, taxonomy.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.68.4.305.2022

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 68 (4), pp. 313–319, 2022

Title: Ifrania bahhouensis sp. n. a new valvatiform snail (Gastropoda, Hydrobiidae) from Morocco

Authors: Youness Mabrouki1, Peter Glöer2 and Abdelkhaleq Fouzi Taybi3

Authors' addresses: 1Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, Faculté des Sciences de Dhar El Mehraz Laboratoire de Biotechnologie, Conservation et Valorisation des Ressources Naturelles Fes, Morocco; E-mail: /
2Schulstr. 3, D-25491 Hetlingen, Germany; E-mail:
3Université Mohammed Premier, Faculté Pluridisciplinaire de Nador Équipe de Recherche en Biologie et Biotechnologie Appliquées. Morocco; E-mail: /

Abstract: The genus Ifrania Glöer, Mabrouki et Taybi 2020 (Hydrobiidae) was recently described from Morocco; its type species is Ifrania zerroukansis Glöer, Mabrouki et Taybi, 2020 found in the Middle Atlas massif, geographically isolated and known for its other endemic molluscs. Ifrania bahhouensis sp. n. is a new valvatiform hydrobiid gastropod from Morocco; it can be distinguished from I. zerroukansis by the morphology of the shell and anatomical criteria. The new species was found in the northern part of Morocco, in the Sebou River basin. The aim of this paper is to describe the new springsnail species.

Key words: springsnail, narrow-ranged, endemic, Sebou River.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.68.4.313.2022

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 68 (4), pp. 321–340, 2022

Title: Larval development and habitat usage of stream-breeding Fire salamanders in an urban environment

Authors: István Kiss1, Judit Vörös2 and Andrew J. Hamer3

Authors' addresses: 1Szent István University, Department of Zoology and Animal Ecology, H-2103 Gödöllő, Páter K. u. 1., Hungary; E-mail:
2Hungarian Natural History Museum, Department of Zoology, H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13, Hungary; E-mail:
3Institute of Aquatic Ecology, Centre for Ecological Research, H-1113 Budapest, Karolina u. 29., Hungary; E-mail:

Abstract: Urbanisation adversely affects the abiotic and biotic characteristics of watercourses, including freshwater streams that support the development of stream-breeding salamanders. We conducted a study over four years on an isolated fire salamander population inhabiting a stream valley northwest of Budapest, Hungary. Our aim was to understand aspects of larval development and habitat usage within this population. The maximum number of larvae was observed in April and the first weeks of May. Due to drifting caused by heavy rainfall, there was a mean decrease of 63.3% in the number of larvae. The abundance of larval salamanders within 16 stream segments showed strong temporal and spatial variation, and there was a strong relationship between larval abundance and the % cover of fine gravel substrate. Some of the larvae could escape drift by entering pools with slower water flow and shelter. Larvae were predominantly solitary in smaller pools but occasionally aggregated in high numbers in some segments. The first larvae with yellow spots (indicative of metamorphosis) appeared in June, and by early September, all larvae were metamorphosing. Our results show that in this urbanised environment, larval development through to metamorphosis is occurring, but increasing urbanisation and alterations to stream flow threaten the persistence of the local population.

Key words: aggregation, drifting, larval density, metamorphosis, stream habitat, Salamandra salamandra, urbanisation.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.68.4.321.2022

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 68 (4), pp. 341–360, 2022

Title: Winter distribution and migratory strategies of Eurasian Spoonbills (Platalea leucorodia) from the Pannonian breeding population: are they long-distance migrants?

Author: Csaba Pigniczki

Author's address: Kiskunság National Park Directorate, H-6000 Kecskemét, Liszt Ferenc u. 19, Hungary; E-mail:

Abstract: In this paper, the wintering characteristics of the Eurasian Spoonbills (Platalea leucorodia) breeding in the Carpathian Basin (Pannonian population) were analysed. The data of 305 wintering Spoonbills marked with colour-rings in Hungary was used. A significant part, 80% of the Spoonbills, wintered in Africa, while 20% spent the winter in Europe and only two birds in the Asian part of western Turkey. The most important wintering sites were in the central part of North Africa (in Algeria, Libya, but mainly Tunisia) and Italy. The tidal area in the Gulf of Gabes in Tunisia was the most important area where a significant proportion, 65% of all wintering Spoonbills, spent the winter. This study provided new evidence of Spoonbills occurring in Saharan wetlands (Chott Tindla in Algeria) in winter. 2% of the resighted Spoonbills were reported from the wetlands of the Sahel in Sudan, Nigeria, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, and Senegal. European winterers were mainly found in Italy and, to a lesser extent, in the Balkans and the Carpathian Basin. The mean distance between the natal colonies and the wintering areas was 1,535 km. Spoonbills migrated in a south-southwestern direction (mean: 213°) to reach their wintering sites. In the Hungarian population, most specimens (94%) were short-distance migrants (wintered north of 22°N), 2% were long-distance migrants, and 4% were residents. However, the proportions of the residents and short-distance migrants are supposed to be overestimated and the proportion of the long-distance migrants is likely to be underestimated due to the lack of observation effort in sub-Saharan Africa. However, based on the winter census data and the proportion of ringed individuals of Hungarian origin in the wintering flocks, I estimated that the lack of observation effort would only slightly modify the result. There were two shifts in migratory strategies on an individual level: a resident Spoonbill became a short-distance migrant, and a short-distance migrant became a long-distance migrant by a following winter. While most of the East Atlantic Spoonbills are long-distance migrants, the results of this study indicate that most birds in the Pannonian population are likely to be rather short-distance migrants. The results of the GPS tracking also confirm that most Pannonian Spoonbills are short-distance migrants and support the main conclusion of this paper.

Key words: short-distance migration, long-distance migration, resident, avian migration, Mediterranean, Gulf of Gabes, Sahara, Sahel, Carpathian Basin.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.68.4.341.2022

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 68 (4), pp. 361–374, 2022

Title: Rocky nests are better nesting sites than woodpecker cavities for the Eastern Rock Nuthatch Sitta tephronota

Authors: Arya Shafaeipour1, Behzad Fathinia1 and Jerzy Michalczuk2

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Biology, Yasouj University, Yasuj, Iran; E-mails:,
2Department of Nature Conservation and Landscape Ecology, University of Rzeszów, Zelwerowicza 4, 35-601 Rzeszów, Poland E-mail:

Abstract: The reproductive success of birds depends on many factors, including nest construction and placement. In the mountainous regions of southwestern Iran, broods of Eastern Rock Nuthatch Sitta tephronota were surveyed in 2016 and 2017. During the study, 11 broods in rocky cavities and 16 in abandoned Syrian woodpeckers’ Dendrocopos syriacus tree cavities were compared in terms of breeding performance (phenology, clutch size, hatching success, number of fledglings, breeding success). The Eastern Rock Nuthatch began egg-laying on March 24 and continued until April 15. The number of eggs in the clutch ranged from 3 and 7 (mean 5.6±1.19, median 6, N = 27). The two types of clutches compared usually contained 6 eggs, and the number of nestlings was statistically lower in tree cavities than in rocky nests. Hatching success was almost 30% higher in rocky nests than in tree cavities. In broods located in trees, 4 nestlings hatched most often (42%, N = 12), and in rock nests, 5 nestlings hatched (50%, N = 10). Rocky nests were also statistically greater (by over 40%) for breeding success. For all analysed broods and broods with success, roughly two extra fledglings left the rocky nests compared with tree cavities. 5 fledglings (50%, N = 10) most often left rocky nests, whereas, in general, 4 fledglings (50%, N = 10) left tree nests. Research results did not confirm that woodpecker cavities are safe nest sites for cavity dwellers.

Key words: brood size, reproductive success, secondary cavity nesters, mountains, rocky habitats, natural forests.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.68.4.361.2022

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 68 (4), pp. 375–391, 2022

Title: Aviation safety ranking values and bird species at Trabzon International Airport, Türkiye

Authors: Alptuğ Sarı, Ahmet Arpacık, Şağdan Başkaya and Ali Çelik

Authors' address: Department of Wildlife Ecology and Management, Faculty of Forestry, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Türkiye; E-mails:;;;

Abstract: The study investigated bird species at Trabzon International Airport (TIA) in Türkiye and their Aviation Safety Ranking Values (ASRV). During the study period between February 2021 and February 2022, 75 observations were carried out using direct and indirect observation methods (camera traps, bird nests, eggs, feathers and; pellets) to identify species. As a result, 109 bird species were identified belonging to 39 families. Migration status of the observed birds ranged from overwintering (27), to summer visitors (26), residents (17), wintering and passage migrants (14), passage migrants (9), residents and wintering (8), residents and summer visitors (5), and residents and passage migrants (3). The bird hazard ranking system is based on bird size, average weights, flocking characteristics, and flight behaviour. According to the criteria of the ASRV, a total of 36 bird species at TIA with hazard levels of intermediate (3), high (4), and very high (5) were determined. Among the species identified, 25 weighed between 700 and 2200 grams. Wildlife professionals should be assigned to all airports to successfully control bird strikes and increase flight safety, and bird observations should be performed regularly.

Key words: bird strike, flight safety, ASRV, bird observation, airport.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.68.4.375.2022

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 68 (4), pp. 393–394, 2022

Title: Nomenclatural validation of Ichthyosaura alpestris bakonyiensis subsp. n. (Amphibia: Salamandridae) from Western Hungary

Author: Judit Vörös

Author's address: Hungarian Natural History Museum, Department of Zoology, H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13, Hungary; E-mail:

Abstract: Taxonomic subdivision of Triturus (now Ichthyosaura) alpestris was recognized by Dely in 1964 in his dissertation. While other subspecies were described in other publications, he did not publish the name Triturus alpestris bakonyiensis in valid form according to ICZN. Therefore the nomenclatural validation of this subspecies is given here.

Key words: nomenclatural validation, Ichthyosaura, new subspecies, Hungary.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.68.4.393.2022

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