Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 66 (Suppl.), p. 4, 2020

Title: Preface

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 66 (Suppl.), pp. 5–20, 2020

Title: Global warning: challenges, threats and opportunities for ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in high altitude habitats

Author: Mauro Gobbi

Author's address: Section of Invertebrate Zoology and Hydrobiology, MUSE-Science Museum, Corso del Lavoro e della Scienza 3, I-38122 Trento, Italy; E-mail:

Abstract: Aim of this paper is to provide the first comprehensive synthesis about ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) distribution in high altitude habitats. Specifically, the attention is focused on the species assemblages living on the most common ice-related mountain landforms (glaciers, debris-covered glaciers, glacier forelands and rock glaciers) and the challenges, threats and opportunities carabids living in these habitats have to face concerning the ongoing climate warming. The suggested role of the ice-related alpine landforms, as present climatic refugia for cold-adapted ground beetles, is discussed. Finally, the needs to develop a large-scale High-alpine Biodiversity Monitoring Programme to describe how the current climate change is shaping the distribution of high altitude specialists is highlighted.

Keywords: global warming, Carabidae, climatic refugia, debris-covered glaciers, glacier forelands, rock glaciers.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.66.Suppl.5.2020

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 66 (Suppl.), pp. 21–36, 2020

Title: Activity density of carabid beetles along an urbanisation gradient

Authors: Simone Fattorini1, Cristina Mantoni1, Davide Bergamaschi2, Lorenzo Fortini3, Francisco J. Sánchez3, Letizia Di Biase1 and Andrea Di Giulio3

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila, Via Vetoio, 67100, Coppito, L’Aquila, Italy; E-mails:;;
2Department of Entomology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA; E-mail:
3Department of Science, University of Roma Tre, Viale G. Marconi 446, 00146, Roma, Italy E-mails:;;

Abstract: Several works have investigated the impact of urbanisation on carabid activity density using urban-rural gradients. Such works compared activity density recorded from green spaces located in different parts of a city and assigned to categories of increasing urban intensity, which poses two problems: (1) since the gradient is divided into categories, it is impossible to model continuous variations in biotic responses, and (2) sites representative of different urbanisation levels are not true segments of the same ecological continuum. To surpass these problems, we modelled variations in carabid activity density along an urban-rural transect within a single green space extending from the city centre of Rome to rural environments. Carabids were sampled by pitfall traps from sites distributed along the entire gradient. We used breakpoint regressions to model how (1) carabid activity density, (2) carabids/beetles ratio, (3) carabids/insects ratio and (3) carabids/arthropods ratio varied along the gradient. As already observed for various organisms in urban environments, we found that activity density of carabids and their contribution to the abundance of beetles, insects and arthropods, peaked in the middle of the gradient. This supports the intermediate disturbance hypothesis, according to which moderate urbanisation may favour diversity by increasing habitat heterogeneity.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Carabidae, abundance, urban-rural gradient, urban ecology, Italy.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.66.Suppl.21.2020

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 66 (Suppl.), pp. 37–48, 2020

Title: Do properties and species of weed seeds affect their consumption by carabid beetles?

Authors: Hana Foffová1,2, David A. Bohan3 and Pavel Saska1

Authors' addresses: 1Crop Research Institute, Functional Diversity in Agro-Ecosystems, Drnovská 507, 161 06 Praha 6 – Ruzyně, Czech Republic; E-mail:,
2Czech University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Department of Ecology Kamýcká 129, 165 00 Praha 6 – Suchdol, Czech Republic
3Agroécologie, AgroSup Dijon, INRAe, Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté, F-21000 Dijon, France; E-mail:

Abstract: Seed predators are an integral part of agroecosystems, where they can reduce the populations of weeds. The preference of predators for seeds and the observed predation rate may be affected by the properties of seeds (e.g. taxonomy, chemical composition, physical defence). In this work, we focused on seed consumption of Taraxacum officinale Web. and Stellaria media (L.) Vill., from France and the Czech Republic, by three species of ground beetle that are seed predators (Coleoptera: Carabidae): Poecilus cupreus (L.), Pterostichus melanarius (Illiger) and Anchomenus dorsalis (Pontoppidan). The seed species were offered in arenas, simultaneously, under three different experimental manipulations of moisture and seed coat conditions: dry and intact, water-imbibed and intact, and water-imbibed with a damaged seed coat. Seed consumption was checked after 0.5, 1, 2, 24, and 48 hrs of exposure. Anchomenus dorsalis largely refused to feed on seeds. Taraxacum officinale seeds with damaged coats were most preferred by the remaining two species of carabids. The consumption by P. cupreus of T. officinale seeds with damaged coats increased from 0.18% after 0.5 hrs to 83.83% after 48 hrs, and by P. melanarius from 13.76% after 0.5 hrs to 76.77% after 48 hrs. Seeds of S. media were consumed less. There was a significant difference in consumption rates due to the country of origin of the seeds, but there were no differences between the carabid sexes. That carabids preferred water-imbibed and damaged seeds may suggest an involvement of olfactory clues in the seed selection process, and/or shorter seed-handling times.

Keywords: carabid beetle, weed seeds, preference, imbibed seeds, seed predator, granivory.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.66.Suppl.37.2020

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 66 (Suppl.), pp. 49–68, 2020

Title: Effect of plant protection on assemblages of ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in sugar beet crops in four-year rotation

Authors: Agnieszka Kosewska1, Katarzyna Nijak2, Mariusz Nietupski1, Renata Kędzior3 and Emilia Ludwiczak1

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Entomology, Phytopathology and Molecular Diagnostics, University of Warmia and Mazury, Prawocheńskiego 17, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland; E-mails:,,
2Plant Protection Institute, Węgorka 20, 60-318 Poznań, Poland; E-mail:
3Department of Ecology, Climatology and Air Protection, University of Agriculture in Kraków Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Kraków, Poland; E-mail:

Abstract: The influence of chemical plant protection on carabid beetle assemblages was studied in an experiment conducted on fields of sugar beet at the IOR-PIB Experimental Station in Winna Góra, Poland. The experiment was composed of a block of control fields (no chemical plant protection treatments) and second block, where plant protection was carried out in compliance with the applicable plant protection program. Ground beetles were caught from May to August/September in four years, using modified Barber traps. As a result of the study, 11 881 specimens belonging to 52 species of Carabidae were collected. The most numerous species were: Harpalus rufipes, Pterostichus melanarius, Calathus ambiguus and Bembidion properans. Overall, our results demonstrate that the application of chemical plant protection treatments decreased the abundance of carabid beetles in sugar beet fields, but had no effect on species richness. The use of pesticides induced changes in some life traits of Carabidae fauna. After a pesticide application, the abundance of macropterous hemizoophages and medium carnivores with the autumn type of breeding decreased, whereas the abundance of small carnivores increased.

Keywords: ground beetles, plant protection, Coleoptera, Carabidae, integrated agricultural production, root crops, species traits.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.66.Suppl.49.2020

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 66 (Suppl.), pp. 69–96, 2020

Title: Magura, T. and Lövei, G. L.: The type of forest edge governs the spatial distribution of different-sized ground beetles

Authors: Tibor Magura1 and Gábor L. Lövei2

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Ecology, University of Debrecen, H-4032 Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, Hungary; E-mail:
2Department of Agroecology, Aarhus University, Flakkebjerg Research Centre, DK-4200 Slagelse, Denmark; E-mail:

Abstract: Worldwide human-induced habitat fragmentation intensifies the emergence of forest edges. In addition to these edges, there are edges evolved by natural processes. Edge-maintaining processes (natural vs. anthropogenic) fundamentally determine edge responses, and thus edge functions. Species with various traits show fundamentally different edge response, therefore the trait-based approach is essential in edge studies. We evaluated the edge effect on the body size of ground beetles in forest edges with various maintaining processes. Our results, based on 30 published papers and 221 species, showed that natural forest edges were impenetrable for small species, preventing their dispersal into the forest interiors, while both the medium and the large species penetrated across these edges and dispersed into the forest interiors. Anthropogenic edges maintained by continued human disturbance (agriculture, forestry, urbanisation) were permeable for ground beetles of all size, allowing them to invade the forest interiors. Overwintering type (overwintering as adults or as larvae) was associated with body size, since almost two-thirds of the small species, while slightly more than a third of both the medium and the large species were adult overwintering. Based on this, size-dependent permeability of natural edges may be related to overwintering type, which basically determines species tolerance to human disturbance.

Keywords: spatial distribution, ground beetles, body size, carabids, edge effect, filter function, meta-analysis.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.66.Suppl.69.2020

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 66 (Suppl.), pp. 97–145, 2020

Title: Ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in fumarole fields of Kunashir Island, Kuril Archipelago, Russia

Authors: Kirill Vladimirovich Makarov1, Yurii Nikolaevich Sundukov2 and Andrey Vladimirovich Matalin1,3

Authors' addresses: 1Moscow State Pedagogical University, Institute of Biology & Chemistry, Zoology & Ecology Department, Kibalchicha str. 6, build. 3, Moscow 129164, Russia; E-mail:
2Federal Scientific Center of East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity, Zoology Department, Laboratory of Entomology, Pr. 100-letiya Vladivostoka 159, 690022 Vladivostok, Russia; E-mail:
3Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Biology Department, Ostrovitianova Str. 1, 117997 Moscow, Russia; E-mail:

Abstract: Five species of ground beetles are permanent inhabitants of the fumarola fields on Kunashir Island: Cicindela (Cicindela) sachalinensis A. Morawitz, 1862; Cylindera (Eugrapha) elisae (Motschulsky, 1859); Bembidion (Ocydromus) dolorosum (Motschulsky, 1860); B. (Peryphanes) sanatum Bates, 1883, and Poecilus (Poecilus) samurai (Lutshnik, 1916). These species respond differently to extreme conditions. In some species, the size is decreased (C. elisae, B. dolorosum), but is increased in P. samurai; in B. dolorosum, the pigmentation is decreased, while increased in others (C. sachalinensis, C. elisae, P. samurai). The degree of these variations depends neither on taxonomic relations nor the adaptation time. The areas of moderate thermal activity of Kunashir volcanoes could have served as refugia during the colder climatic periods. Based on data on the variability and barcoding of B. dolorosum, the following new synonymy is established: Bembidion (Ocydromus) dolorosum (Motschulsky, 1860) = Bembidion (Ocydromus) negrei Habu, 1958, syn. nov. = Bembidion (Peryphus) kuznetsovi Lafer, 2002, syn. nov.

Keywords: adaptation, Carabidae, extreme conditions, isolation, Russian Far East, volcano.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.66.Suppl.97.2020

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 66 (Suppl.), pp. 147–168, 2020

Title: High molecular diversity in Carabus (Hygrocarabus) variolosus and C. nodulosus

Authors: Dietrich Mossakowski1, Sándor Bérces2, Radek Hejda3, Stefan Müller-Kroehling4, Wolfgang Paill5, Florin Prunar6 and Ivan Rapuzzi7

Authors' addresses: 1Seeweg 10, D-23942 Gross Schwansee, Germany; E-mail:
2University of Debrecen, Juhász-Nagy Pál Doctoral School, H-4032 Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, Hungary; E-mail:
3Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic, Kaplanova 1931/1, CZ-148 00 Praha 11 – Chodov, Czech Republic; E-mail:
4Bavarian State Institute of Forestry, Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 1, DE-85354 Freising, Germany; E-mail:
5Studienzentrum Naturkunde, Weinzöttlstraße 16, A-8045 Graz, Austria; E-mail:
6Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 119 Calea Aradului, RO-300645 Timisoara, Romania; E-mail:
7Via Cialla, 47, I-33040 Prepotto (UD), Italy; E-mail:

Abstract: The Carabus subgenus Hygrocarabus contains two taxa: C. variolosus and C. nodulosus, the species or subspecies status of which is handled far from uniform in the literature. Both taxa show a similar morphology, the shape of the tip of the aedeagus provides a reliable morphological marker for identification. We analysed two mitochondrial gene parts (COI-5’ and COI-3’) and a nuclear one (ITS2). High diversity was found showing specific geographical patterns. Introgressive hybridisation was detected but interpreted not as an argument for subspecies status because high genetic distances indicated that it must have taken place in former times. In a laboratory hybridisation experiment, the male did not accept the female of the other taxon, supporting the conclusion that these are separate species. A series of refuges was expected for the period of ice ages. Although only the taxon C. variolosus is listed in Annex II and IV of the EU Habitats Directive, C. nodulosus also falls under this listing, as at the time of including the species into the Annexes in 2004, the two taxa were considered subspecies and hence the listing would include both, independent of later taxonomic revisions.

Keywords: diversity, COI, ITS2, species versus subspecies, introgression, refuges, Carabus (Hygrocarabus) variolosus, Carabus nodulosus.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.66.Suppl.147.2020

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 66 (Suppl.), pp. 169–184, 2020

Title: Impact of different habitat parameters on carabid beetle assemblages in selected areas of a forest-field landscape in Poland – 10 years of data

Authors: Axel Schwerk, Agata Jojczyk and Izabela Dymitryszyn

Authors' address: Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering Institute of Environmental Engineering, Department of Landscape Art, Nowoursynowska Street 166, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland; E-mails:,,

Abstract: Long-term data on carabid beetles assemblages on differently managed study sites in forests and open areas were analysed to study the impact of selected environmental factors on the carabid assemblages of both the individual study sites over the years and the set of all study sites in selected years. Ordination separated forest stands from open areas along the first, and samples of 2011 from those of 2015 along the second axis. For study sites in forest stands in most cases, precipitation was a significant factor, especially precipitation in the year before the inventory. However, for the youngest forest site, the year of the study was most important, indicating a succession process. For study sites in open areas, both precipitation and temperature showed most often significant results. Analysing the impact of environmental factors on carabid assemblages in the full set of study sites in 2011 and 2015 revealed carbon content in the organic layer and distance from the nearest forest as significant factors. The results of the study extend our knowledge on the impact of environmental factors on the formation of carabid beetle assemblages in rural landscapes, which is essential in the framework of developing biodiversity conservation strategies.

Keywords: Carabidae, carabid beetle, landscape, succession, forest, environmental engineering.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.66.Suppl.169.2020

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 66 (Suppl.), pp. 185–198, 2020

Title: Life history traits of five ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) species common in Honshu Island, Japan

Authors: Sonomi Shibuya1, Keizi Kiritani2 and Kenji Fukuda1

Authors' addresses: 1Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan; E-mails:,
2Ito, Shizuoka, Japan

Abstract: Ground beetles have been used as bioindicators for monitoring environmental changes. However, to interpret monitoring results, we need further information on their life history traits. We selected Harpalus griseus, H. eous, H. tridens, Synuchus cycloderus and Carabus procerulus, species common in Honshu Island, Japan. We examined their hind wings, flight muscles, gut contents and ovarian eggs to understand their flight activity, feeding traits and reproductive strategies. The three Harpalus species showed wing length / body length ratios (W/B) of 0.88–0.99. In H. tridens, the proportion of individuals with flight muscles and caught in aerial traps was lower than in the other two. S. cycloderus was macropterous with a W/B ratio of 0.75, but no individual was caught in aerial traps, and none possessed flight muscles. Carabus procerulus was brachypterous. The three Harpalus species fed mainly on seeds and partly on arthropods. S. cycloderus was a generalist predator. Gut contents of C. procerulus consisted of amorphous fluid, suggesting extra-oral digestion. Egg type was categorized by the number and size of ovarian eggs. Synuchus cycloderus had many-small eggs, while the other four had few but large eggs.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Carabidae, life-history, bioindicator, fecundity, feeding traits, flight activity, reproductive strategy.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.66.Suppl.185.2020

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 66 (Suppl.), pp. 199–220, 2020

Title: Ecology of the cold-adapted species Nebria germari (Coleoptera: Carabidae): the role of supraglacial stony debris as refugium during the current interglacial period

Authors: Barbara Valle1, Roberto Ambrosini2, Marco Caccianiga3 and Mauro Gobbi4

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Biosciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 26 – 20133 Milano Italy E-mail:
2Department of Environmental Science and Policy, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 26 – 20133 Milano, Italy; E-mail:
3Department of Biosciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 26 – 20133 Milano, Italy E-mail:
4MUSE-Science Museum of Trento, Corso del Lavoro e della Scienza 3, 38122 Trento, Italy E-mail:

Abstract: In the current scenario of climate change, cold-adapted insects are among the most threatened organisms in high-altitude habitats of the Alps. Upslope shifts and changes in phenology are two of the most investigated responses to climate change, but there is an increasing interest in evaluating the presence of high-altitude landforms acting as refugia. Nebria germari Heer, 1837 (Coleoptera: Carabidae) is a hygrophilic and cold-adapted species that still exhibits large populations on supraglacial debris of the Eastern Alps. This work aims at describing the ecology and phenology of the populations living on supraglacial debris. To this end, we analysed the populations from three Dolomitic glaciers whose surfaces are partially covered by stony debris. We found that supraglacial debris is characterised by more stable colder and wetter conditions than the surrounding debris slopes and by a shorter snow-free period. The populations found on supraglacial debris were spring breeders, differently from those documented in the 1980s on Dolomitic high alpine grasslands, which were reported as autumn breeders. Currently, Nebria germari seems, therefore, to find a suitable habitat on supraglacial debris, where micrometeorological conditions are appropriate for its life-cycle and competition and predation are reduced.

Keywords: Coleoptera, Carabidae, climate change, cold-adapted species, warm-stage refugia, glacier retreat.

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.66.Suppl.199.2020

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 66 (Suppl.), pp. 221–226, 2020

Title: Conference Dinner Speech: A (light-hearted) classification of carabidologist

Author: Gábor L. Lövei

Author's address: Aarhus University, Department of Agroecology, Flakkebjerg Research Centre, DK-4200 Slagelse, Denmark. E-mail:

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 66 (Suppl.), pp. 267–268, 2020

Title: List of participants

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