Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 64 (4), pp. 277–327, 2018

Title: Subtribal, generic and subgeneric composition of darkling beetles of the tribe Helopini (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in the Eastern Palaearctic Region

Authors: Maxim Nabozhenko1, 2 and Kiyoshi Ando3

Authors' addresses: 1Caspian Institute of Biological Resources of the Russian Academy of Science, Gadzhiev str. 45, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, 367000, Russia; E-mail:
2Dagestan State University, M. Gadzhiev str. 43a, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, 367000 Russia
3Entomological Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Ehime University Tarumi 3-5-7, Matsuyama, 790-8566 Japan; E-mail:

Abstract: A review of the following Eastern Palaearctic (China, Russian Far East, Korean Peninsula, Japan and Taiwan) genera of the tribe Helopini (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) is given: subtribe Helopina: Nipponohelops Masumoto, Ando et Akita, 2006, Apterotarpela Kaszab, 1954, Catomus Allard, 1876, Stenohelops Reitter, 1922; subtribe Cylindrinotina: Nalassus Mulsant, 1854, and Asialassus gen. n. (type species Helops cordicollis Marseul, 1876). As a result the following combinations and synonymy are proposed (all from the genus Tarpela Bates, 1870): Apterotarpela clypealis (Kaszab, 1954), comb. nov., Apterotarpela subasperipennis (Kaszab, 1954), comb. nov., Nalassus (Nalassus) brunneus brunneus (Marseul, 1876), comb. n., Nalassus (Nalassus) brunneus konoi (Nakane, 1963), comb. n., Nalassus (Nalassus) elegantulus (Lewis, 1894), comb. n., Nalassus (Nalassus) formosanus (Masumoto, 1981), comb. n., Nalassus (Nalassus) akitai (Masumoto, 1998), comb. n., Nalassus (Nalassus) kawabatai (Akita et Masumoto, 2012), comb. n., Nalassus (Nalassus) zoltani (Masumoto, 1981), comb. n., Nalassus (Nalassus) pilushenmuus (Masumoto, Akita and Lee, 2017), comb. n., Nalassus (Nalassus) yuanfengus (Masumoto, Akita et Lee, 2017), comb. n., Nalassus (Nalassus) xiaoxueshanus (Masumoto, Akita et Lee, 2017), comb. n., Nalassus (Nalassus) dongurii (Masumoto, Akita et Lee, 2017), comb. n., Nalassus (Nalassus) merkli (Masumoto, Akita and Lee, 2017), comb. n., Nalassus (Nipponalassus) andoi (Masumoto, 1993), comb. n., Nalassus (Nipponalassus) lewisi (Masumoto, 1993), comb. n., Asialassus cordicollis (Marseul, 1876), comb. n., Asialassus amamiensis (Kaszab, 1964), comb. n., Asialassus kimurai (Masumoto, 1996), comb. n. (= Tarpela tokunoshimana Masumoto et Akita, 2001: 20, syn. n.), Asialassus tsushimanus (Nakane, 1979), comb. n., Asialassus todai (Ando, 2006), comb. n., Asialassus adachii (Akita et Masumoto, 2009), comb. n. A new subgenus of the genus Nalassus is proposed: Nipponalassus subgen. n. (type species Tarpela andoi Masumoto, 1993). Two new species are described from China: Catomus (Sinocatomus) stanislavi sp. n. and Stenohelops (Stenomaleis) chinensis sp. n. Morphological diagnoses and keys are given to subtribes, genera and species.

Key words: darkling beetles, Helopini, Eastern Palaearctic region, taxonomy

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 64 (4), pp. 329–354, 2018

Title: On the relationship between the occurrence of ostracod species and elevation in Sakarya province, Turkey

Authors: Mehmet Yavuzatmaca1, Okan Külköylüoğlu1, Derya Akdemır2 and Ebru Çelen1

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Science, Abant İzzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey; E-mails:,,
2Merdivenköy Mah.¸ Şair Arşi Cad. No: 16/14, 34732, Kadıköy, İstanbul, Turkey; E-mail:

Abstract: In order to determine the distribution of ostracods species between sea level and 1133 m a.s.l. in the Sakarya Province of Turkey, 83 different aquatic sites were randomly sampled during 9–12 May, 2014. This sampling yielded a total of 9598 individuals belonging to 33 taxa (31 living). The species Vestalenula cuneata and Kovalevskiella phreaticola were new reports for Turkey. The number of species with males (19) and without males (12) tends to decrease with increasing elevation while there is no significant difference in the number of species per site. This corresponds to a decrease in the numbers of species with (14) and without (17) natatory setae on second antennae (A2). Accordingly, presence of species with/without natatory setae on A2, with different reproductive modes, and numbers of species changed along with elevation seem to be all mutually independent in the population sampled. The first two axes of Canonical Correspondence Analysis explained 74.4% of relationships between species and environmental variables. Furthermore, two well-known cosmopolitan species (Heterocypris incongruens and Ilyocypris bradyi) were observed in almost all of the elevational ranges. Overall, these results support the prediction that elevation seems to have no direct influence on the presence of species with or without swimming setae in sexual or parthenogenetic populations. Results suggest that unlike non-cosmopolitan ostracods, species with cosmopolitan characteristics may not be limited by elevation.

Key words: ostracod, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, elevation, distribution, tolerance

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.64.4.329.2018

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 64 (4), pp. 355–368, 2018

Title: Folsomia candida (Collembola) locomotor activity pattern is changed by a neurotoxicant pesticide

Authors: Borbála Szabó, Anikó Seres and Gábor Bakonyi

Authors' address: Department of Zoology and Animal Ecology, Szent István University, H-2100 Gödöllő, Páter K. u. 1., Hungary; E-mails:,,

Abstract: Behavioural traits, including locomotor activity, have become relevant parameters in contemporary ecotoxicology. However, insecticide effects on soil animal behaviour has remained a neglected field until now. The Trebon 30 EC is an expansively used pyrethroid insecticide in many countries, which has a broad spectrum of activity. It is recommended against pests of different vegetables, cereals, fruits, and flowers. The effect of this insecticide on the behaviour of collembola Folsomia candida has never been tested. Nevertheless, an effect is likely, because of the neurotoxic nature of the Trebon 30 EC insecticide. This study aimed to determine, (i) whether the Trebon 30 EC insecticide (active ingredient: etofenprox) prevails on the collembola F. candida locomotor activity pattern immediately after insecticide application and (ii) if there is any temporal change in the locomotor activity pattern within one hour of insecticide application. Prompt hyperactivity followed by strongly reduced locomotor activity of F. candida due to Trebon 30 EC application has been demonstrated in this study. Collembola started to run faster even when a tenfold concentration of the recommended field rate was applied. Moreover, this insecticide causes locomotor irregularity in F. candida. Chronic insecticide exposure has a negative impact on all studied locomotor traits of this collembola, resulting in a knockdown effect.

Key words: Folsomia candida, etofenprox insecticide, locomotor activity, neurotoxicant pesticide

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.64.4.355.2018

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 64 (4), pp. 369–382, 2018

Title: Phylogeography of earthworms from high latitudes of Eurasia

Authors: Sergei Victorovich Shekhovtsov1, 2, Daniil Iosifovich Berman2, Nina Antonovna Bulakhova2, 3, Olga Lvovna Makarova4 and Sergei Evgenievich Peltek1

Authors' addresses: 1Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB Russian Academy of Sciences, Pr. Lavrentieva 10, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia; E-mail:
2Institute of Biological Problems of the North, Portovaya St. 18, 685000 Magadan, Russia; E-mail:
3Tomsk State University, Prospekt Lenina 36, 634050 Tomsk, Russia; E-mail:
4Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Leninskij prosp. 33, 119071 Moscow, Russia; E-mail:

Abstract: Earthworms are an important component of soil fauna even in high latitudes, in the taiga and tundra biomes. It is yet unclear if earthworm populations from these regions are autochtonous or recent invaders. We collected earthworms from approximately from 64° to 73°N from the Kola Peninsula to Chukotka and genotyped it using the COI gene. We found Dendrobaena octaedra, Lumbricus rubellus, and Eisenia nordenskioldi nordenskioldi. Within E. n. nordenskioldi, two cryptic phylogenetic lineages were detected, namely lineages 1 and 9 that were characterized in our previous studies. The western part (from the Kola Peninsula to the Taimyr Peninsula) contained D. octaedra, L. rubellus and both lineages of E. n. nordenskioldi; their COI sequences were closely related to those from very remote (up to several thousand km) populations. On the contrary, in the east (from the basins of the Anabar River to the Chukotka Peninsula) we found solely E. n. nordenskioldi belonging mostly to lineage 9 and its haplotype groups from various parts of this region differed significantly, indicating long-term divergence. Thus, our data suggests that earthworms recolonized northwestern Eurasia in the Holocene, while the climate in its eastern part was sufficient for earthworm survival even during glaciation maximums.

Key words: earthworms, Lumbricidae, DNA barcoding, tundra, taiga

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.64.4.369.2018

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 64 (4), pp. 383–397, 2018

Title: Detection of passerines’ loop migration pattern using wing length measurements

Authors: Bianka Jónás1, Andrea Harnos2 and Tibor Csörgő3

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Systematic Zoology and Ecology, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/c, Hungary; E-mail:
2Department of Biomathematics and Informatics, University of Veterinary Medicine, H-1078 Budapest, István u. 2, Hungary; E-mail:
3Department of Anatomy, Cell and Developmental Biology, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/c, Hungary; E-mail:

Abstract: Bird species following a loop migration strategy use different routes during autumn than in the spring season. Birds nesting at different latitudes have different wing morphology. Finding significant differences in the average wing lengths of the same species between the autumn and spring seasons in the same area suggests loop migration. If these differences are also different by sex, this suggests that males and females do not use the same migratory routes. In this study, we analysed wing morphological differences of seven common long-distance migrant passerine species ringed at the Ócsa Bird Ringing Station from 1984 to 2014. Species were divided into three groups based on moult strategies (pre-, postnuptial and double moult). Based on differences in wing length distributions and means between autumn and spring, six of the seven passerine species follow loop migration. While wing length differences can be adequate to detect loop migration, the species specific moult strategies, the nesting sites and distribution ranges need to be known.

Key words: loop migration, wing length distribution, prenuptial and postnuptial moult

DOI: 10.17109/AZH.64.4.383.2018

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