Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 58 (1), pp. 1–29, 2012

Title: A taxonomic study of the Myosoma genus-group with description of Amyosoma cavei sp. n. from Honduras (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae: Braconini)

Author: Papp, J.

Author's address: Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1431 Budapest, Pf. 137, Hungary; E-mail:

Abstract: In 1846 Brullé described the genus Myosoma accompanied by the description of five new species. In 1900 Kriechbaumer proposed the new genus Acanthobracon on the basis of the new species A. lagopus. In 1902, 1906 and 1913 Szépligeti described six new Myosoma species, four of them originally in the genus Bracon. The current taxonomic status of the above species is discussed: some are synonymized and others remain valid. The new species: Amyosoma cavei is described from Honduras. Redescriptions are presented for nine species: Amyosoma chinense (Szépligeti, 1902), Compsobraconoides ruber (Brullé, 1846) comb. n., Myosoma brullei Szépligeti, 1906, M. errans (Szépligeti, 1902), M. fuscipenne Brullé, 1846, M. hirtipes Brullé, 1846, M. lagopus (Kriechbaumer, 1900), M. rubriventre Brullé, 1846 and Myosomatoides fasciatus (Brullé, 1846) comb. n. Acanthobracon lagopus Kriechbaumer, 1900 is revalidated and transferred into the genus Myosoma: M. lagopus (Kriechbaumer) comb. n. Four new combinations are proposed: Compsobraconoides melanocheirus (Szépligeti, 1906), C. ruber (Brullé, 1846), C. surinamensis (Szépligeti, 1906) and Myosomatoides fasciatus (Brullé, 1846) originally described in the genus Bracon by Szépligeti and in the genus Myosoma by Brullé, respectively. Six new synonyms are established: (1) Compsobraconoides ruber (Brullé, 1846) (Myosoma) sen. syn. = Bracon peruvianus Szépligeti, 1904 jun. syn. and Bracon rufator Szépligeti, 1906 jun. syn. (2) Myosoma fuscipenne Brullé, 1846 sen. syn. = Bracon chontalensis Cameron, 1900 jun. syn. (3) Myosoma lagopus (Kriechbaumer, 1900) (Acanthobracon) sen. syn. = Bracon errotus Szépligeti, 1902 jun. syn. (4) Myosomatoides fasciatus (Brullé, 1846) (Myosoma) sen. syn. et comb. n.; = Ipobracon pennipes Myers, 1931 jun. syn. 5.) Myosoma chinense (Szépligeti, 1902) (Bracon) sen. syn. = Bracon puellaris Szépligeti, 1902 jun. syn. A key is included for the Myosoma genus-group: genera Amyosoma Viereck, Myosoma Brullé and Myosomatoides Quicke as well as a key for the six Myosoma species discussed here. With 97 original figures.

Key words: redescription, synonymization, new species, new combination, key compilation

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 58 (1), pp. 31–40, 2012

Title: Four new species of genus Lepidostoma Rambur (Trichoptera: Lepidostomatidae) from India

Authors: Parey, S. H. & Saini, M. S.

Authors' address: Department of Zoology & Environmental Science, Punjabi University, Patiala, India, E-mail:

Abstract: Four new species of genus Lepidostoma Rambur belonging to the Lepidostoma ferox branch are described and illustrated from the Indian Himalaya. These include L. garhwalense sp. n. from Gairsain (Uttrakhand), L. truncatum sp. n. from Ahla (Himachal Pradesh), L. ahlae sp. n. from Ahla (Himachal Pradesh) and L. sonmargae sp. n. from Sonmarg (Jammu & Kashmir). With these new additions, this genus is now represented by 40 species from India.

Key words: systematics, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Jammu, Kashmir

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 58 (1), pp. 41–52, 2012

Title: Two new species of Iphidozercon (Acari: Ascidae) with a key to females

Authors: Gwiazdowicz, D. J.1 and Marchenko, I. I.2

Authors' addresses: 1Poznan University of Life Sciences, Department of Forest Protection, ul. Wojska Polskiego 71c, 61–689 Poznan, Poland, e-mail
2Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Frunze str. 11, Novosibirsk 630091, Russia, e-mail

Abstract: Two new species of Iphidozercon are described from litter in the Altai Mountains from Siberia and the Khabarovsk Region of the Far East of Russia – I. altaicus sp. n. and I. colliculatus sp. n. The genus now includes ten species from Europe, Asia, North America, Australia and New Caledonia. A key to females of all species is provided.

Key words: mites, Acari, Iphidozercon, Altai Mountains, Khabarovsk Region, Russia

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 58 (1), pp. 53–67, 2012

Title: Observations on species abundance distribution in fly collections

Authors: Izsák, J.1 and Papp, L.2

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Systematic Zoology and Ecology, Eötvös Loránd University, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/A, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary. E-mail:
2Beremend u. 43, H-1182 Budapest, Hungary. E-mail:

Abstract: Reports and methodological considerations relating species abundance distribution (SAD) in different multi-species communities are timely also today. We report detailed observations on SAD in a neutral fly community, sampled on cow pats in the period 2002–2005 in Hungary. The total sample consisted of 93 thousand individuals (faunistic observations were described in a former publication). We discuss among others observations on the change of frequency polygons with increasing sample size and advise further caution concerning the well-known shifting process, focussing on the discussion on 2-moving averaged abundance frequency polygons. We found a sample of about 20 thousand individuals to be yet insufficient and 30 thousand already sufficient to appear a modal abundance class. With larger sample size also a second internal mode was observable. The pool of the singleton and doubleton species was practically inexhaustible by increasing the sample size. A general conclusion is that a collection of the 93 thousand individuals may be yet insufficient to make a final conclusion on the SAD of the fly community sampled. As for observations on the shifting process working by increasing sample size, the shift of the abundance frequency polygon was significantly larger than expected. Remarkably, the shift of abundance class position of the species by increasing sample size in many cases differs significantly from the expected one. We report also other unexpected observations on the development of species abundance polygons by increasing sample size.

Key words: quantitative ecology, frequency polygon, mode, sample size, shifting process, singletons, Diptera

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 58 (1), pp. 69–86, 2012

Title: Geographic variation in habitat requirements of two coexisting newt species in Europe

Authors: Rannap, R., Lõhmus, A. and Linnamägi, M.

Authors' address: Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, 51014 Tartu, Estonia; E-mail:

Abstract: Habitat requirements of widely distributed species often vary geographically, and local habitat studies may not be relevant for populations elsewhere. This is particularly important for conservation planning of threatened species. In this study, we explored two wide-ranging coexisting newt species that have contrasting conservation status in Europe: the northern crested newt (Triturus cristatus) and the smooth newt (T. vulgaris). The aim was to identify geographic patterns in their essential habitat characteristics, which might explain also the contrasting status of these species. First, in the northern part of their range (in Estonia), a comparative case study was carried out following the methodology of an earlier study conducted in Denmark. The majority of habitat preferences overlapped in those two countries: in the northern crested newt, influential habitat characteristics were related to the terrestrial habitat, while they were linked to the aquatic habitat in the smooth newt. However, a literature review demonstrated that the habitat characteristics of those newts vary over broader scales. For the northern crested newt, sun-exposed water bodies were essential at high latitudes, while land cover type (woodland/ scrub) appeared important for the smooth newt in peripheral populations only. We suggest that the contrasting status of two species is related to their different habitat requirements.

Key words: amphibians, distribution range, habitat characteristics, Triturus cristatus, T. vulgaris

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 58 (1), pp. 87–103, 2012

Title: Pattern of genetic and morphometric differentiation in Maculinea nausithous (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in the Carpathian Basin

Authors: Hollós, A.1, Pecsenye, K.1, Bereczki, J.1, Bátori, E.1, Rákosy, L.2 and Varga, Z.1

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Evolutionary Zoology and Human Biology, University of Debrecen, H-4010, Egyetem tér 1, Debrecen, Hungary; e-mail:
2Department of Taxonomy and Ecology, Babes-Bolyai University, RO-3400, Str. Clinicilor 5–7, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Abstract: The level of variation and the pattern of differentiation were studied in two Western Hungarian (Transdanubia: Õrség region) and two Romanian (Transylvanian Basin) populations of Maculinea nausithous (Dusky Large Blue). The aim was to provide evidence on the genetic differentiation of the Transylvanian populations, which were relegated as M. nausithous kijevensis by Rákosy et al. (2010). In order to analyse genetic variance enzyme polymorphism was studied at 17 loci. The structure of phenotypic variation was investigated by performing morphometric analyses on 11 traits of the wings. Statistical procedures were chosen so, that the results obtained for morphological and genetic data could be compared.
The results of all genetic surveys supported the differentiation of the Transylvanian populations from the Western Transdanubian (Õrség) ones. Hence, genetic results supported the existence of differentiation at the subspecies level in M. nausithous. The results of the morphometric analyses, however, were not obvious. In some analyses (phenogram) no clear phenotypic differentiation was observed between the two regions. Nevertheless, the results of hierarchical analysis of variance and Multiple Discriminant Analysis indicated a significant separation of specimens from the two regions. In addition, differences were detected in the level of variation between the two regions. Both genetic and phenotypic variation was higher in the Transylvanian than in the Õrség samples.

Key words: Maculinea nausithous, enzyme polymorphism, morphometric variation, geographical differentiation

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