Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 54 (3), pp. 213–234, 2008

Title: Morphology of developmental stages of Philonthus fumarius (Gravenhorst, 1806) (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) with notes on biology

Authors: Staniec, B. and Pietrykowska-Tudruj, E.

Authors' address: Department of Zoology, Maria-Curie Sklodowska University, Akademicka 19 Street, 20-033 Lublin, Poland. E-mail:;

Abstract: The mature larva (L3) and pupa of Philonthus fumarius (Gravenhorst, 1806) are described for the first time, with illustrations of structural features provided. The poorly known morphology of the egg is supplemented. Some diagnostic characters of egg, larva and pupa of the known Philonthus species, including P. fumarius, are listed. Some data on its distribution, environmental requirements and biology under laboratory conditions are also provided.

Key words: Egg, larva, pupa, adult, stenotopic species, Philonthus

Download in Portable Document Format (pdf)

Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 54 (3), pp. 235–255, 2008

Title: Afrotropical species of Chaetopodella Duda (Diptera: Sphaeroceridae)

Author: Papp, L.

Author's address: Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum and Animal Ecology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1088 Budapest, Baross utca 13, Hungary. E-mail:

Abstract: Five new species of the genus Chaetopodella Duda, 1920: Ch. keniaca sp. n. (Kenya), Ch. reducta sp. n. (Tanzania), Ch. aethiopica sp. n. (Ethiopia), Ch. demeteri sp. n. (Nigeria) and Ch. nigeriae sp. n. (Nigeria) are described. Afrochaetopodella subgen. n. is proposed (type species: Chaetopodella reducta sp. n.). Lectotype of Ch. denigrata (Duda, 1920) is designated. A key is given for the Afrotropical species. With 51 original figures.

Key words: Sphaeroceridae, Limosininae, Chaetopodella, new species, new subgenus, taxonomy, key, Afrotropical Region

Download in Portable Document Format (pdf)

Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 54 (3), pp. 257–268, 2008

Title: Host ant use of Maculinea teleius in the Carpathian Basin (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)

Authors: Tartally, A. and Varga, Z.

Authors' address: Department of Evolutionary Zoology and Human Biology, University of Debrecen, H-4032, Egyetem tér 1, Debrecen, Hungary, E-mail:

Abstract: Host ant use of Maculinea teleius was investigated in 17 Hungarian and three Transylvanian (Romania) sites by opening Myrmica ant nests. A total of 856 nests of nine Myrmica species (M. gallienii, M. rubra, M. ruginodis, M. sabuleti, M. salina, M. scabrinodis, M. schencki, M. specioides and M. vandeli) were found and nests of six species (M. gallienii, M. rubra, M. salina, M. scabrinodis, M. specioides and M. vandeli) contained 114 M. teleius specimens in total. M. rubra and M. scabrinodis were the most frequently used host ants. M. rubra appeared to be more suitable in the western while M. scabrinodis proved to be more important in the eastern sites. M. gallienii and M. salina were only locally important hosts on a few sites. M. specioides and M. vandeli were parasitized only once. Five Myrmica nests also contained larvae of other Maculinea species. These results show a less restricted host ant use of M. teleius in the central part of the Carpathian Basin than records from France. Our results correspond with the host ant use data recorded from Poland.

Key words: Hungary, Maculinea teleius, Myrmica, social parasitism, Transylvania

Download in Portable Document Format (pdf)

Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 54 (3), pp. 269–287, 2008

Title: Quantitative biogeographic characterization of Hungary based on the distribution data of land snails (Mollusca, Gastropoda): a case of nestedness of species ranges with extensive overlap of biotic elements

Author: Sólymos, P.

Author's address: Department of Ecology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University, H-1077 Budapest, Rottenbiller u. 50, Hungary, E-mail:

Abstract: Biogeographic classifications of Hungary in past decades were based on qualitative data, and since than, data have increased significantly and more efficient methods become available. I used UTM based distribution data of 121 land snail species to quantitatively assess biogeographic patterns in Hungary. Hierarchical cluster analysis identified two main clusters of areas: highlands and lowlands. This dichotomy can be attributed to mainly climatic and altitudinal differences. One fourth of the species were present in the whole country (general species), one fourth was characteristic to highlands, and half of the species (including all the endemics) were localized in smaller regions. The distribution of localized species revealed historical effects in regional faunas: Carpathian influences in the Northern Mountains, Alpine influences in the Western Marginal Area, and southern-Illyric influences in Southern Transdanubia. Biotic element analysis revealed that clustering of species ranges did not differed significantly from the null model, but species" areas were significantly more nested that under the null model. Based on the high degree of nedtedness in species" areas and the composition of various biogeographical influences, representativeness can be achieved with relative efficiency in Hungary.

Key words: biodiversity, biotic elements, endemic species, nestedness, species groups

Download in Portable Document Format (pdf)

Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 54 (3), pp. 289–303, 2008

Title: Distribution patterns and genetic variability of three stream-dwelling fish species

Authors: Takács, P.1, Csoma, E.2, Erõs, T.1 and Sándor Nagy, A.3

Authors' addresses: 1Balaton Limnological Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P. O. Box 35, H-8237 Tihany, Hungary, E-mail:
2Department of Medical Microbiology, Medical and Health Science Centre, University of Debrecen, H-4012 Debrecen, P.O. Box 17. Hungary
3University of Debrecen, Faculty of Science, Department of Hydrobiology, Egyetem tér 1, H-4032, Debrecen, Hungary

Abstract: Present study established correlations between the spatial distribution of three stream-dwelling fish species (chub, stone loach and gudgeon), the environmental variables which affect their distribution, and the genetic structure of their assemblages, in a North Hungarian drainage system. The spatial distribution of gudgeon and stone loach (which have more specific habitat needs) was affected by elevation, slope and distance from the mouth. Chub occurred frequently in the wider and deeper streams of the hills with higher velocity, but was repeatedly caught in lowland situated sections close to the mouth as well. Genetic data obtained with AFLP were correlated with distribution and as a result higher genetic distances were revealed a<%-1>mong gudgeon and stone loach than among chub assemblages. The assemblages of the former two species show a clear pattern of isolation by distance. Results suggest that lowland sections of the studied streams might act as ecological barriers for stone loach and gudgeon assemblages, but not for the chub. Hence, in this drainage system the stone loach and gudgeon appear with separated populations while the chub is characterized by a metapopulation structure.

Key words: AFLP, stone loach, gudgeon, chub, distribution, isolation by distance

Download in Portable Document Format (pdf)

Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 54 (3), pp. 305–318, 2008

Title: Distinguishing Mus spicilegus from Mus musculus (Rodentia, Muridae) by using cranial measurements

Authors: Cserkész, T.1,2, Gubányi, A.3 and Farkas, J.2

Authors' addresses: 1Bükk Mammalogical Society H-3300 Eger, Maklári út 77/A, E-mail:
2Department of Systematic Zoology & Ecology, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány P. sétány 1/C, Hungary, E-mail:
3Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13 Hungary, E-mail:

Abstract: The skulls of the two members of the genus Mus, the outdoor, aboriginal Mus spicilegus and the commensal M. musculus can be differentiated using the zygomatic coefficient (CZ). However, the CZ-method does not differentiate all Mus specimens because the cranial measurements needed to calculate CZ are subjective due the unfixed endpoints. Measurement error can contribute significantly to erroneous species classification of specimens if only a single set of measurement is used. The primary aim of our study was to define and test the measurable characters on a large number of skulls in order to definite separate of the two species. Based on the F-values derived from Discriminant Function Analysis, we found the following three variables contributed considerable to the total discrimination power: width of the zygomatic arch (B), width of first upper molar (MW) and width of the upper ramus of the zygomatic process of maxilla (A). By the classification functions the most discriminating character is MW. For discriminating the above-mentioned two species Fisher"s linear discriminant functions were calculated using the two most powerful discriminating variables. This lead us to formulate the following identification function key for M. musculus and M. spicilegus: 2.1MW–B = 1.46 mm. We infer that with the use of this key the correct identification approaches 100%. The separation of the two species based on the width of M1 (first upper molar) is useful from a paleontological viewpoint because teeth are generally the best preserved element among vertebrate fossil remains.

Key words: morphometry, identification function key, house mouse, mound-building mouse, age-group

Download in Portable Document Format (pdf)