Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (3), pp. 203–218, 2007

Title: Palaearctic and Oriental species of Craspedometopon Kertész (Diptera, Stratiomyidae)

Authors: Rozkosny, R.1 and D. Kovac, D.2

Authors' addresses: 1Institute of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlánská 2, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic. E-mail:
2Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, Senckenberganlage 25, D-60325 Frankfurt a. M., E-mail:

Abstract: The taxonomy and distribution of the Palaearctic and Oriental genus Craspedometopon of the subfamily Pachygastrinae are revised. One new species (C. orientale sp. n.) is described, C. basale (Matsumura, 1915) is resurrected from synonymy and one new synonym of it (C. ussuricum Krivosheina, 1973) is documented. The three species of the genus treated are described in detail including their male and female terminalia as the most important distinguishing characters. Their relationships are briefly discussed. Craspedometopon basale shows an exclusively Palaearctic distribution in easternmost Russia, Korea and Japan, C. orientale sp. n. and C. frontale Kertész, 1909 seem to be extensively distributed throughout the Oriental Region. An identification key to the species of Craspedometopon is presented.

Key words: Pachygastrinae, Craspedometopon orientale sp. n., new synonym, distribution, identification key

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (3), pp. 219–238, 2007

Title: Six new species of Gnaptorina Reitter, 1887 (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae: Blaptini) from the Tibet Plateau

Authors: Shi, A. M.1, Ren, G. D.2 and Merkl, O.3

Authors' addresses: 1College of Life Sciences, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan 637002, China. E-mail:
2College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei 071002, China, E-mail: gdren@mail.
3Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross utca 13, Hungary. E-mail:

Abstract: Six new species of the tenebrionid genus Gnaptorina Reitter, 1887 are described from the Tibet Plateau: G. pilifera sp. n., G. compressa sp. n., G. kangmar sp. n., G. himalayana sp. n., G. globithoracalis sp. n., and G. nigra sp. n.; all of them and three previously described species, G. brucei Blair, 1923, G. cordicollis Medvedev, 1998 and G. tishkovi Medvedev, 1998, differ from other Gnaptorina species in the absence of hair brushes on plantar surface of male pro- and mesotarsomeres. A key to all 9 species of Gnaptorina lacking hair brushes is given.

Key words: Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae, Blaptini, Gnaptorina, new species, Tibet Plateau, identification key

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (3), pp. 239–256, 2007

Title: Morphometric and biochemical variation and the distribution of the genus Apodemus (Mammalia: Rodentia) in Turkey

Authors: Colak, R.1, Colak, E.1, Yigit, N.1, Kandemir,I.2 and Sözen, M.2

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ankara University, 06100 Besevler, Ankara, Turkey; E-mail:
2Department of Biology, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, 67100 Incivez, Zonguldak, Turkey

Abstract: A total of 253 specimens belonging to the genus Apodemus were examined from 45 localities in Turkey based on morphometric and biochemical analyses. Six different Apodemus species were distributed; A. sylvaticus was recorded only from Thrace (European part of Turkey), A. iconicus throughout Turkey, except Thrace and south-eastern Anatolia, A. flavicollis from Turkey (rare in central and eastern Anatolia), A. uralensis from Marmara and Black Sea Region, A. agrarius from the northern parts of Thrace, and A. mystacinus from Asiatic Turkey. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) of the data showed a high heterogeneity among Apodemus species. Out of 28 morphometric variables, 27 displayed significant heterogeneity among groups (p < 0.001). The first three discriminant functions explained 96.6% of the total variation. Sylvaemus species (A. flavicollis, A. iconicus, A.uralensis and A. sylvaticus) showed overlapping distribution with each other and two other species A. mystacinus and A. agrarius were formed a separate clusters. Based on ten loci, it was determined that Idh-1, Mdh-s, alpha-Gpdh and Me were distinguishing characters for A. sylvaticus, A. uralensis, A. flavicollis and A. iconicus. Idh-1, Mdh-S, alpha-Gpdh, and Me were polymorphic loci, and deviated from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The greatest genetic differentiation was originated from Me, but the Idh had the smallest genetic differentiation among polymorphic loci. UPGMA dendrograms showed that A. flavicollis was genetically the closest to A. iconicus, but the most distant to A. mystacinus.

Key words: Apodemus, Turkey, allozyme, distribution, genetic variation, morphometry

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (3), pp. 257–269, 2007

Title: Long-term light trap study on the macro-moth (Lepidoptera: Macroheterocera) fauna of the Aggtelek National Park

Authors: Szabó, S.1, Árnyas, E.1, Tóthmérész, B.2 and Varga, Z.1

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Evolutionary Zoology and Human Biology, University of Debrecen, H-4032 Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, Hungary; E-mail:
2Department of Ecology, University of Debrecen, H-4032 Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, Hungary E-mail:

Abstract: We analyzed the night-active Macrolepidoptera fauna in the Aggtelek karst region (near the village Jósvafõ) by Jermy-type light-trap in 1990, 1993 and during 1999–2004. In each year the trap operated from 5 March until 5 November. During the eight years altogether 127 929 specimens were collected belonging to 594 species, which is about 60% of the Hungarian fauna. 216 species occurred in each year. Noctuidae and Geometridae were most rich in species and most abundant. Arctiidae, Lasiocampidae, Notodontidae and Sphingidae were also represented in a considerable proportion. The analysis of the flight activity curves shows two summer peaks and also a smaller spring and an autumn peak. The faunal type composition of the species and their abundance, respectively, was the following: Transpalearctic (48.15%, 55.68%), Boreo Continental (18.86, 8.16%), South Continental (2.02%, 0.67%), West Palaearctic (28.96%, 35.14%), Xeromontane (1.01%, 0.05%) and Extrapalaearctic (1.01%, 0.31%). The eco-faunal components: euryoecious (11.62%, 20.03%), silvicolous (17.34%, 20.12%), nemoral (8.08%, 9.86%), quercetal (12.46%, 12.66%), helophilous (5.56%, 1.85%), boreo-montane (1.18%, 1.12%), altoherbosa (5.22%, 3.49%), meso-hygrophilous (6.73%, 6.26%), steppic (10.44%, 7.17%), lichenophagous (2.02%, 14.13%), other (19.36%, 3.32%).

Key words: Aggtelek National Park, Macrolepidoptera faunistics, seasonal and yearly fluctuations, weather elements, faunal types and elements, eco-faunal composition

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (3), pp. 271–279, 2007

Title: Epidemiological characteristics of Cephenemyia stimulator (Clark, 1815) larval infestation in European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) in Hungary

Authors: Király, I.1 and Egri, B.2

Authors' addresses: 1Agricultural Office of Tolna County of the Ministry of Agriculture and Regional Development, H-7100 Szekszárd, Augusz I. u. 7, Hungary; E-mail:
2Department of Animal Health, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Science, University of West Hungary, H-9200 Mosonmagyaróvár, Vár 2, Hungary

Abstract: Nasopharyngeal bot infestation in the Hungarian population of the European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) was investigated between 2002 and 2005. Examination of 645 bucks, 211 does and 100 roe kids revealed that prevalence of infestation with Cephenemyia stimulator larvae was 34.6%. Mean intensity and median intensity of infestation were 8.9 and 5, respectively. Prevalence, mean intensity and median intensity of infestation were significantly higher in fawns compared with bucks and does. No other age-related differences were found in bucks. Out of the three larval stages, only the L1 larvae were present between October and April. From April to August the L2 and L3 larvae could be detected in the examided hosts with steadily increasing infestation indices. The L3/L2 ratio increased consistently during this period.

Key words: nasal bot fly, prevalence, intensity, roe deer, Cephenemyia stimulator, myiasis

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 53 (3), pp. 281–292, 2007

Title: Aphid-parasitoid (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Aphidiinae) associations on willows and poplars in Iran

Authors: Rakhshani, E.1, Talebi, A. A.2, Stary, P.3, Tomanovic, Z.4 and Manzari, S.5

Author's addresses: 1Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Zabol University, P. O. Box: 998615–538, I. R. Iran; E-mail:
2Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, P. O. Box 14115–336, I. R. Iran; E-mail:
3Institute of Entomology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Branisovská 31, 37005 Ceské Budejovicé, Czech Republic; E-mail:
4Institute of Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro; E-mail:
5Insect Taxonomy Research Department, Plant Pest and Disease Research Institute, P.O. Box 1454, Tehran 19395, Iran; E-mail:

Abstract: Aphids and their parasitoids on willows (Salix spp.) and poplars (Populus spp.) were investigated in Iran and the tritrophic associations were reviewed. Eight species of aphid parasitoids were reared from 17 associations in different localities. The most common parasitoid was Adialytus salicaphis (Fitch) parasitizing Chaitophorus spp. on both Salix and Populus. Euaphidius cingulatus (Ruthe) attacks species of Pterocomma. Aphids of the genus Cavariella on Salix spp. had a more diverse spectrum of parasitoids, but all of them were rare; among the collected species, Ephedrus chaitophori Gärdenfors and Binodoxys heraclei (Haliday) were detected in Iran for the first time. The role of aphid-parasitoid associations on willows and poplars in biocorridors is discussed together with some ecosystem relationships.

Key words: Aphids, parasitoids, Salicaceae, Salix, Populus, Iran

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