Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 52 (4), pp. 353–357, 2006

Title: A new oribatid genus and species, Balogheremaeus Chimaera from southeastern Spain (Acariformes, Oribatida, Plateremaeidae)

Authors: Arillo, A. and Subías, L. S.

Authors' address: Dpto. de Zoología (Entomología), Facultad de Biología, Universidad Complutense, E-28040 Madrid, Spain, E-mail:,

Abstract: A new genus and species, Balogheremaeus chimaera gen. et sp. n. is described after a specimen found in a dry riverbed in Southeastern Spain. A comparison with the rest of the family Plateremaeidae is made. The new genus and species is differenciated from the rest of the family Plateremaeidae due to its smaller size, its convex notogaster, the presence of three pairs of anal setae and the presence of well developed laminated excrescences or crests in its legs, both dorsally and ventrally.

Key words: Acari, Oribatids, Balogheremaeus chimaera, new genus, new species, Plateremaeidae, taxonomy, Spain.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 52 (4), pp. 359–366, 2006

Title: Assessing the effect of toe clipping on the yellow bellied toads

Authors: Hartel, T.1 and Nemes, Sz.2

Authors' addresses: 1Mircea Eliade College, str. 1 Decembrie nr. 31, 545400 Sighisoara, Romania. E-mail:
2School of Mathematical Sciences, Göteborg University, SE-412 96 Göteborg Sweden

Abstract: In this paper we analyze/investigate the effect of toe clipping on Bombina variegata, by comparing the body conditions of marked and unmarked individuals. We marked 395 adult B. variegata in 2003 and 413 in 2004. In 2005 we measured the SVL and wet body weight of 27 recaptured individuals and compared this with unmarked individuals from the population. We found no significant effect of toe clipping on the body condition. These results, together with examination of the health of recaptured toads and behavioural data indicates that toe clipping has no negative effect. Nevertheless, caution is needed in using the toe clipping method because the recently discovered and spreading chytrid fungus that could infect the marked amphibians and cause chytridiomicosis.

Key words: toe clipping, body condition, amphibians.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 52 (4), pp. 367–372, 2006

Title: Redescription of Doryphoribius vietnamensis (Iharos, 1969) (Tardigrada) comb. nov. on the basis of the holotype and additional material from China

Authors: Beasley, C. W.1, Kaczmarek, L.2 and Michalczyk, L.3

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Biology, McMurry University, Abilene, Texas 79697, USA, E-mail:
2Department of Animal Taxonomy & Ecology, Institute of Environmental Biology, A. Mickiewicz University, Szamarzewskiego 91 a, 60–569 Poznan, Poland; E-mail:
3School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, NR4 7TJ Norwich, UK; E-mail: agnostic@poczta.fin

Abstract: Doryphoribius vietnamensis comb. nov. described by G. Iharos in 1969 as Hypsibius vietnamensis and transferred to the genus Isohypsibius by Ramazzotti and Maucci in 1983 is redescribed and figured.

Key words: Doryphoribius vietnamensis comb. nov., Hypsibius vietnamensis, Isohypsibius vietnamensis, Tardigrada, redescription.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 52 (4), pp. 373–383, 2006

Title: Inquiline effects on a multilocular gall community

Authors: László, Z.1 and Tóthmérész, B.2

Authors' addresses: 1Ecological Institute, University of Debrecen, H-4010 Debrecen, P. O. Box 71, Hungary, E-mail:
2Ecological Institute, University of Debrecen, H-4010 Debrecen, P. O. Box 71, Hungary. E-mail:

Abstract: The influence of inquiline on the gall of Diplolepis rosae (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) and its community was investigated. It is expectable that inquilines should cause major changes in the gall-community. Evidences for inquiline effect on multilocular galls are provided and the result suggests that the outcome shows similarity with unilocular ones. Gall size, number of emerged individuals and diversity increased significantly for inquilined galls. Inquiline-free galls showed highly significant positive correlation between gall size and number of emerged individuals. The presence of inquiline entirely annihilated the correlation between gall size and number of emerged individuals. This radical change implied within relationships of gall size and specimen number indicates that inquilines play an important role in shaping the community structure of D. rosae gall.

Key words: Cynipidae, Diplolepis rosae, species diversity, gall size, number of emerged specimens, Periclistus brandtii, polythalamous gall.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 52 (4), pp. 385–399, 2006

Title: New species of herb galling cynipids (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Aylacini) from Iran

Authors: Melika, G.1 and Gharaei, B.2

Authors' addresses: 1Systematic Parasitoid Laboratory, Plant Protection and Soil Conservation Service of County Vas, Kelcz-Adelffy str. 6, Kõszeg, 9730 Hungary; E-mail:
2Department of Plant Pests and Diseases Research, Agricultural Research Center, P.O.Box 386, Ilam, Iran; e-mail:

Abstract: New species of aylacine gall wasps, Isocolus tinctorius and Aulacidea irani (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae: Aylacini) from Iran are described. Data on the diagnosis, distribution and biology of new species are given. In fact, these are the first herb galling cynipids known from Iran.

Key words: Isocolus, Aulacidea, taxonomy, description, morphology, distribution.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 52 (4), pp. 401–406, 2006

Title: Nitrogen metabolic wastes do not influence drinking water preference in feral pigeons

Authors: Oláh, Gy.1 and Rózsa, L.2

Authors' addresses: 1Institute for Zoology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Szent István University, H-1077 Budapest, Rottenbiller u. 50, Hungary. E-mail:
2Research Group for Animal Ecology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1083 Budapest, Ludovika tér 2, Hungary. E-mail:

Abstract: Pathogens of both avian and mammalian fecal origin can infect birds via drinking water. Since birds often use ultraviolet clues for many decisions such as food detection, they may also be able to distinguish between faeces- or urine-polluted water and clean water by using UV vision. Here we test the hypothesis that birds may assess potential pollutions in drinking water bodies using UV absorptions/reflections. Feral pigeons were offered with (1) clean tapwater, (2) uric acid polluted water (UV-absorbant) to mimic wastes of avian origin and (3) urea solution (UV-reflectant) to mimic wastes of mammal origin. Contrary to our expectations, pigeons exhibited no detectable preferences in double-choice experiments.

Key words: pigeon, nitrogen metabolism, water preference, UV-vision, pathogen

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 52 (4), pp. 407–415, 2006

Title: Occurrence of Dactylogyrus infection linked to seasonal changes and host fish size on four cyprinid fishes in Lake Manyas, Turkey

Authors: Öztürk, M. O.1 and Altunel, F. N.2

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Literature, Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyon 03200 Turkey; E-mail:
2Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Literature, Uludag University, 16 059 Bursa, Turkey

Abstract: In this study, dactylogyrid parasites on the gills of four cyprinid fishes (Blicca bjoerkna, Rutilus rutilus, Scardinius erythropthalmus, Vimba vimba) in Lake Manyas, Turkey, were examined on the basis of samples taken from on-site surveys carried out between January–1997 and November–1998. The intensity of Dactylogyrus infection was investigated depending on the parasite species, the years and seasons, and host fish size. Four Dactylogyrus species were identified on the gills of host fishes: D. sphyrna on B. bjoerkna, D. crucifer on R. rutilus, D. difformis on S. erythrophthalmus, D. cornu on V. vimba. The prevalence and mean intensity of Dactylogyrus infection for each parasite species was determined as follows: D. crucifer (41.5%, 10.65±5.79 specimens/fish), D. cornu (14.2%, 30.24±11.30), D. difformis (28.1%, 31.71±30.95), D. sphyrna (28.7%, 16.76±16.88). While maximum intensity was recorded for D. difformis, the lowest was for D. crucifer. However, it was not a statistically meaningful difference for all the parasite species. As regards the prevalence of the parasite species depending on the years, it was observed higher in 1998 than in 1997. Regarding the seasonal changes in the intensity and prevalence level, a very sharp decrease in the intensity levels of the parasite species was determined for the three fish parasites, except D. crucifer, between the late autumn and winter.

Key words: Dactylogyrus, seasonal changes in parasite species, Lake Manyas, Turkey.

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 52 (4), pp. 417–424, 2006

Title: Daytime activity of reed passerine birds based on mist-netting

Authors: Trnka, A.1, Szinai, P.2 and Hosek, V.3

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Biology, Trnava University, Priemyselná 4, 918 43 Trnava, Slovakia, E-mail:
2H-2120 Dunakeszi, Sport u. 12, Hungary
3Kamenica nad Hronom 159, SK-943 65, Slovakia

Abstract: Capture rates of eight reed passerine birds in relation to time of day were studied in the late breeding periods of 1999–2004 in National Nature Reserve Parízske mociare marsh (SW Slovakia). Based on 3700 captures, significant differences in mean capture times were found among species in both morning and evening. Capture rates of birds differed significantly also between the first and last 5 hours of daylight. Moustached Warbler, Sedge Warbler and Bearded Tit were most active in the morning, and Marsh and Reed Warblers in the evening. Adult daily activity differed considerably from that of juvenile in Bearded Tit, Reed and Moustached Warblers. We suggest that only morning sampling alone does not give an accurate estimate of relative abundance and age structure of reed passerines in mist-netting studies. A recommended regime would be to begin netting four hours before sunset and continue four hours after sunrise the next day on each visit.

Key words: capture efficiency, bird activity, Savi's Warbler, Reed Bunting.

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