Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 51 (2), pp. 75–96, 2005

Title: Earthworms from Israel. II. Remarks on the genus Perelia Easton, 1983 with descriptions of a new genus and two new species

Authors: Csuzdi, Cs.* and Pavlícek, T.

Authors' addresses: *Systematic Zoology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13, Hungary
Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905, Israel

Abstract: The diagnosis of the genus Perelia Easton, 1983 is revised and two species, Perelia shamsi sp. n. and Perelia galileana sp. n. are described from Israel. The taxonomic status of Helodrilus (Allolobophora) aharonii Stephenson, 1922 is clarified. To accommodate the species Allolobophora handlirschi diplotetratheca Perel, 1967 removed from Perelia a new genus Rhiphaeodrilus gen. n. is erected. In addition, new data about species richness and distribution of the genera Aporrectodea Örley, 1885, Allolobophora Eisen, 1874, Helodrilus Hoffmeister, 1845, Eisenia Malm, 1877, Eiseniella Michaelsen, 1900 and Criodrilus Hoffmeister, 1845 in Israel are presented.

Key words: earthworms, Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae, Perelia, new species and genus, Rhiphaeodrilus, Aporrectodea, Eisenia, Eiseniella, Helodrilus, Criodrilus, The Levant, Israel

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 51 (2), pp. 97–111, 2005

Title: Five new Mesocentrus Szépligeti species from the Australian Region (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Betylobraconinae)

Author: Papp, J.

Author's address: Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13, Hungary

Abstract: A short review is presented on our knowledge of the betylobraconine species since 1900, the year of the description of the first betylobraconine species by Szépligeti under the name Mesocentrus crassipes. The subfamily was erected by Tobias in 1979 with the description of the new genus and new species Betylobracon waterhousi. The systematics of the subfamily taxa are expounded. Five new species are described as follows: Mesocentrus baloghi, M. gilvus, M. reptus, M. rutilus and M. variicolor. New combination was established: Mesocentrus tenuis (Papp, 1993) (originally described in Yelicones). Hitherto 21 betylobraconine species are known. Additional features are introduced in the redescription of M. crassipes Szépligeti. A key is presented to the seven known Mesocentrus species. With 55 original figures.

Key words: Mesocentrus, subfamily survey, description, identification key, distribution

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 51 (2), pp. 113–123, 2005

Title: Sciarokeroplatinae, a new subfamily of Keroplatidae (Diptera)

Authors: Papp, L. and Sevcík, J.*

Authors' addresses: Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, and Animal Ecology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1088 Budapest, Baross utca 13, Hungary, e-mail:
*Department of Entomology, Silesian Museum, Masarykova 35, CZ-746 46 Opava, Czech Republic, e-mail:

Abstract: A new subfamily of the family Keroplatidae is established through the description of Sciarokeroplatus gen. n. (type species S. pileatus sp. n.). The type species is described from Taiwan and from the Shaanxi province in China. An analysis of characters in comparison to those of the other families of the superfamily is given. With 14 original figures.

Key words: Keroplatidae, Sciarokeroplatinae, new subfamily, Sciarokeroplatus, taxonomy, Oriental region

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 51 (2), pp. 125–133, 2005

Title: The genus Irepacma (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae) from China, checklist, key to the species, and descriptions of new species

Authors: Wang, S. and Li, H.

Authors' address: Department of Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China, E-mail:

Abstract: Twelve species of the genus Irepacma Moriuti, Saito et Lewvanich are treated from China, with four described as new to science: I. curva sp. n., I. bifida sp. n., I. lanceolata sp. n. and I. abnormis sp. n. An identification key for the Chinese species is given. With 12 figures.

Key words: Lepidoptera, Oecophoridae, Irepacma, new species, China

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 51 (2), pp. 135–149, 2005

Title: Morphometric differences among Root vole (Muridae: Microtus oeconomus) populations in Hungary

Authors: Rácz, G. R.*, Gubányi, A. and Vozár, Á.

Authors' addresses: *Museum of Southwestern Biology, University of New Mexico, Biology Department, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, E-mail:
Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest Baross u. 13, Hungary, E-mails:,

Abstract: Isolated by hundreds of kilometers from the main population, the southernmost populations of root voles (Microtus oeconomus) are vulnerable to extinction in Hungary. Due to restrictions imposed by their protected status, only a limited number of surveys have been conducted to assess the status of the Hungarian populations. Our goal was to understand the historical relationship between Hungarian populations by analyzing morphological skull similarities. We examined skeletal materials deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum using geometric morphometric methods. We postulated that greater similarities would be observed among populations that were connected for longer time and smaller populations would exhibit a higher rate of morphological divergence. Individuals from northern Germany were used as an out-group to estimate the ancestral shape of root vole skulls. Comparison of mandibles and skulls indicates that root vole populations form four regional clusters in Hungary. Two distinct northern groups occupy the Szigetköz and Hanság area. Populations near Lake Balaton form a third, and animals from Kiskunság represent the fourth, highly divergent group. Populations in the Hanság area show the least morphological divergence compared to the out-group indicating that either Hanság was able to support the largest population of root voles or the area served as a center of dispersion for the colonization of other suitable habitats in Hungary.

Key words: root vole, Microtus oeconomus, geometric morphometrics, conservation status, metapopulation

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 51 (2), pp. 151–162, 2005

Title: Repeatability analysis of egg shape in a wild Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) population: a sensitive method for egg shape description

Authors: Mónus, F. and Barta, Z.

Authors' address: Behavioural Ecology Research Group, Department of Evolutionary Zoology, University of Debrecen, Debrecen H-4010, Hungary, E-mail:

Abstract: The shape of avian eggs varies widely among and within species. To explore this variation, several methods for egg shape description were used in previous works. The simplest methods were unsuitable to detect small differences in shape of different eggs, while more elaborated methods required special equipment, since they were not generally used. In this study we present a simple method for egg shape description which incorporate quickness in the field, high sensitivity to egg shape differences and furthermore require no special equipment. The method is based on a function which describe the outline of the egg in a two dimensions co-ordinate system and outline originates from field taken photographs. The method was tested on clutches of wild living Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) population. Three out of four parameters of the function were found to be repeatable in Tree Sparrows. The eggs of repetitive clutches of females were more similar considering these egg shape parameters than eggs of different females. A simple, widely used index to describe egg shape, egg shape index was found to be far less sensitive in our repeatability analyses. The method described here may be particularly suitable to investigate intraspecific variation of egg shape.

Key words: egg shape, description, repeatability, Tree Sparrow, Passer montanus

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