Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 51 (1), pp. 1–57, 2005

Title: Revision of the genus Lophoterges Hampson, 1906 (s. l.) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Cuculliinae). Part II. The genus Lophoterges s. str.

Author: Ronkay, L.

Author's address: Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13, Hungary. E-mail:

Abstract: The second part of the revision is the systematic survey of the genus Lophoterges Hampson, 1906 s. str. containing the characterisations of the four supraspecific groups (three of them are described here as new subgenera, Tibeterges, Variterges and Fibigerges subgenera nova) and the descriptions of three new species, Lophoterges radians sp. n. (Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkestan), L. varians sp. n. (Turkestan, Mongolia) and L. atlas sp. n. (Morocco, Algeria). The taxonomic stati of two formerly described taxa, L. centralasiae (Staudinger, 1901) and L. aksuensis (Bang-Haas, 1912) are revised, both are treated here as full species (stat. rev.). With 32 colour images and 43 genitalia figures.

Key words: Noctuidae, Lophoterges, new species, new stati, Eurasia

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 51 (1), pp. 59–66, 2005

Title: The influence of nest size on heat loss of Penduline Tit eggs

Authors: Szentirmai, I.,1,3 Székely2, T. and A. Liker3,4

Authors' addresses: 1Department of Ethology, Eötvös University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány P. sétány 1/C, Hungary, E-mail:
2Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
3Department of Ecology, Szent István University, Pf. 2, H-1400 Budapest, Hungary
4Present address: Department of Zoology, University of Veszprém, Pf. 158, H-8201 Veszprém, Hungary

Abstract: The size and quality of nest influence mate choice and parental behaviour in several birds. Previous works in Penduline Tits showed that females prefer to mate with males that build large nests, and females desert small nests whereas they incubate eggs in large nests. We tested whether female preference may be related to the benefits of having large nests by investigating the influence of nest size (height, volume and thickness) on cooling rates of eggs and terminal egg temperatures in the laboratory using two ambient temperatures (10ºC and 25ºC), and clutch sizes (3 and 9 dummy eggs). Cooling rate of eggs was slower at 25ºC than at 10ºC, and 9 eggs cooled slower than 3 eggs. In addition, cooling rates decreased with nest thickness, although they were unrelated to nest height and volume. The influence of nest thickness on egg cooling rates was stronger at 10ºC than at 25ºC indicating that nest thickness is particularly important to insulate the eggs in relatively cold environment. Our results are thus consistent with a previous field study that showed a stronger female preference for large nests early in the breeding season, when ambient temperatures are low, than late in the season.

Key words: egg heat loss, nest size, mate choice, Penduline Tit, Remiz pendulinus

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 51 (1), pp. 67–74, 2005

Title: Age determination and some growth parameters of a Rana ridibunda population in Turkey

Authors: Yilmaz, N.1, Kutrup, B.2, Cobanoglu, Ü.3 and Özoran, Y.3

Authors' addresses: 1Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Rize Arts and Sciences, Department of Biology, 53100 Rize, Turkey. E-mail:
2Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Biology, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey
3Karadeniz Technical University, Medical Sciences, Department of Pathology, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey

Abstract: Age determination and some growth parameters were studied in a population of Rana ridibunda from Yildizli Stream, Trabzon, Turkey by skeletochronology. Age was determined for individual frogs by counting the number of resting lines (RL) in cross-sections taken from phalanges. The maximum longevity of females and males was 6 and 7 years, respectively. The minimum age at maturity was 2, at 55 mm snout-vent length (SVL), for females, and 2, at 46 mm, for males. Males were sexually mature after the third or fourth winter although some females mature after the fifth winter. SVL was ranged from 55 to 99 mm (74.64±13.37) in females and 38 to 83 mm (64.58±11.09) in males. Male SVL was significantly correlated with age, but no significant correlation was obtained between female SVL and age. Gonad weights <%-2>show highly significant correlation with SVL in both sexes but no significant correlation with age.

Key words: skeletochronology, age determination, Rana ridibunda, growth, Turkey

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