Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 49 (2), pp. 87–101, 2003

Title: Male and female morphology of some Central European Delia (Anthomyiidae)pests

Authors: Darvas, B. and A. Szappanos*

Authors' addresses: Plant Protection Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Budapest, PO Box 102, H-1525, Hungary, E-mail:
*H-6000 Kecskemét, Pajzs u. 3, Hungary

Abstract: Based on male and female genitalia and chaetotaxy of legs, the authors give a key for the identification of some important Delia (Anthomyiidae) pests of vegetables. The article contains descriptions and drawings of male genitalia (D. antiqua, D. floralis, D. florilega, D. platura, D. radicum). The drawings and descriptions of female genitalia (D. antiqua, D. platura, D. radicum), are based on specimens from laboratory breeding.

Key words: Anthomyiidae, Delia, male, female, genitalia, pests, cabbage, onion

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 49 (2), pp. 103–110, 2003

Title: Sexually dimorphic breast-feathers in the Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus

Authors: Kis, J. and T. Székely

Authors' addresses:Department of Ecology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University
Rottenbiller u. 50, H-1078 Budapest, Hungary, E-mail:
*Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK

Abstract: Secondary sexual traits (such as badges and other ornaments) may signal the attractivity of a male for females, or they may reflect its parental quality. We studied the natural variation in breast-feathers in a small wader, the Kentish Plover. We hypothesised that males may have longer breast-feathers than females, because males display these feathers during courtship and male-male contests. Also, males may need longer breast-feathers to provide an efficient incubation. We measured the length of breast-feathers in both sexes and found that lateral feathers were significantly longer than the central ones in both males and females. We also found that breast-feathers tended to be longer in males, especially the central ones, than in females. The mean length of breast-feathers decreased over the breeding season in males, although this relationship was not significant in females. Taken together, our results suggest a moderate difference in breast-feathers between the sexes. We suggest that this difference is due to sexual selection and/or natural selection to achieve more efficient incubation of the eggs.

Key words: sexual selection, mate choice, parental care, Kentish Plover, Charadrius alexandrinus

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 49 (2), pp. 111–114, 2003

Title: Great Reed Warblers bury artificial objects, not only Cuckoo eggs

Authors: Bártol, I., Moskát, C.*, Karcza, Z.# and Kisbenedek, T.*

Authors' addresses: Present address: Directorate of the Kiskunság National Park, Kecskemét, Liszt F. u. 19, H-6000, Hungary
*Animal Ecology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
c/o Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Ludovika tér 2, H-1083, Hungary, e-mail:
#BirdLife Hungary, Budapest, Költõ u. 21., H-1121, Hungary

Abstract: The Great Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) is a frequently used host of the Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus) in Hungary, locally parasitism rate may exceed 50%. Earlier studies revealed that Great Reed Warblers buried approx. 2–3% of the Cuckoo eggs, when clutches were parasitised naturally. In the pre-incubation stage we placed non-egg shaped foreign objects, pieces of reed stems as light elongated objects, and two types of small coins, like heavy rounded objects into Great Reed Warbler nests in central Hungary. Birds easily ejected reed stems from nest (88%), but the coins were more frequently buried. Approx. 53% of the small coins and 19% of the big coins were buried. Our results showed that Great Reed Warblers were able to bury foreign objects, so burial might have a general cleaning role.

Key words: Acrocephalus arundinaceus, nest cleaning, brood parasitism, antiparasite defence, egg burial, Cuculus canorus

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 49 (2), pp. 115–152, 2003

Title: Braconidae (Hymenoptera) from Korea, XXI. Species of fifteen subfamilies

Author: J. Papp

Author's address:Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Baross utca 13, H-1088 Budapest, Hungary

Abstract: Hundred forty-five braconid species are reported from Korea belonging to fifteen subfamilies. Ten species, one subspecies and one variety are new to science, they are as follows: Aspilota one species, Dinotrema nine species, one subspecies and one variety; the new taxa are related to their nearest allies. Seventy-five species proved to be new to the fauna of Korea. With 91 original figures.

Key words: Korea, Braconidae, new species, nearest allies, faunistics

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Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 49 (2), pp. 153–158, 2003

Title: New species of the genus Erannis Hübner, [1825] 1816 from the North-West Himalaya and Iran (Lepidoptera, Geometridae)

Author: H-8083 Csákvár, Gánti út 81, Hungary, E-mail:

Author's address: Gy. M. László

Abstract: Descriptions of two new species of the genus Erannis Hübner, [1825] 1816, E. kashmirensis sp. n. and E. caspica sp. n. from the NW Himalaya and Iran are given. With 10 figures.

Key words: Erannis, new species, NW Himalaya, Iran

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